Utilitarianism in a Nutshell (or Why No One Likes a Consequentialist)
brings about the best possible results from their actions. According to this ... these parents are in fact adopting a consequentialist approach to their children's ...
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Notes on Utilitarianism and Consequentialism
When these probabilities pertinent to decisionmaking are known, one speaks ... one should pay heed only to the best and worst outcomes that a given action ... promoting births will lead to a larger population of people, total utilitarianism might.
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Ethics – Consequentialism and Utilitarianism
4.1 Consequentialism. ... But these disciplines cannot tell us how we should act and live in the world. .... Special duties – Duties that arise as a result of previous acts (e.g. .... The morally right action is the one that produces the best overall.
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Satisficing Consequentialism - Princeton University
least as good, according to the impersonal ranking, as those of any alternative act open .... circumstances. Now the idea of satisficing (utilitarian) consequentialism ..... dependent solely on the results of that single action; an act is right even if it ...
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circumstances if, of all the actions available in those ... bring about the best overall distribution of pleasure and pain. ... view which is often summed up with the slogan that one ought always to act to cause the ... consequences of utilitarianism,.
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Notes on Utilitarianism
The best known version of consequentialism is utilitarianism. This theory ... Actions are right to the degree that they tend to promote the greatest good ... Utilitarianism is a simple theory and its results are easy to apply. It also allows ... In response to objections such as these, some proponents of utilitarianism have proposed a ...
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right just because it produces the best actual or expected results. Act utilitarianism: The version of act consequentialism that says that only well- being is ... Amoralists: Those who do not care about living up to the moral views they sincerely hold. ... Ethical egoism: The normative ethical theory that says that actions are morally.
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Phil. 1100 Notes: Utilitarianism Three Important Questions in Ethical
Hedonism: Enjoyment (pleasure/happiness) is the sole intrinsic good. Note: Some ... Consequentialism: One should always perform the action that produces the greatest (expected) quantity of ... Most people hold a position in between these extremes. • Question ... would result from each of the available actions). • Why do ...
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For Peer Review
Classical utilitarians are consequentialist with a particular theory of the good: the ... address these two important objections, however, we need to explore more ... If I save a baby that grows up to be Hitler, my action actually causes great harm.
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CHAPTER 11 Ethics and Health - Jones & Bartlett Learning
What other information would be helpful to know about these situations to make a decision? ... Utilitarian Theories: Doing the Most Good for the Most People ... Consequentialism .... habits that have the best likelihood of leading to right actions.
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24.03 Good Food Lecture Handout: Three Moral Theories
Sep 24, 2012 ... Is it (morally) good to devote oneself to a life of pleasure? ... Consequentialism: focus is on consequences of action. ... You ought always to act so as to maximize happiness, i.e., the right act is the act that results in the ... What utilitarianism says is right/wrong conflicts with ordinary moral judgments, e.g., ...
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Consequentialism, Egoism, and the Moral Law - Bates College
of action that needs to borrow its motive from this expected result ... nothing but the idea of the ... good. If Kant is correct, then it would seem that utilitarianism, and any .... persons in spreading happiness around them have "no genuinely moral.
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Consequentialism and Decision Procedures - Amirrorclear .net
us to say that I should follow the decision procedure that will lead to the best outcome. ..... consequentialism then provide a sketch of these criticisms and of the standard ... the expected good that results from the action.4 For simplicity's sake, I shall side .... Thus, in the second chapter of his essay Utilitarianism, Mill states:.
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another trying to settle these disagreements. ... What is the greatest good? ... “... actions are right in proportion as they tend ... A form of consequentialism: ... the results (consequences). ... Utilitarianism adopts hedonism as a value theory.
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Utilitarian Ethics in Healthcare - IJCIM
principle of promoting the greatest good for the greatest .... Consequentialism holds that any action or choice must be .... them because failure to do so results in.
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Consequentialism - Peter Vallentyne - University of Missouri
These are all part of the consequences of my action. The effects on everything ... The historically best-known act consequentialist theory is act utilitarianism. It arose .... The idea is that, for a given person, the increase in wellbeing that results .
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Utilitarianism without Consequentialism: The Case of John Stuart Mill
good (as pleasure, happiness, or flourishing) and a consequentialist the- .... and utilitarians in particular tend to favor 'act' versions of those theory-types. ..... action in a broad and vague way, so as to include effects that are not caused by the.
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Moral Judgment and Decision Making - University of Chicago
face—those that involve tension between moral principles and (material) self- interest—because .... proportion of one's income to charity is a morally good action). .... influential version of consequentialism that results from “…combining consequentialism with .... utilitarians who ardently pursue the best consequences . 2.1.3.
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A Moral Underpinning for Legal Ethics - University of Kent Open
those posited by Mill and Kant, Luban's theory proves to offer a superior basis for legal ... Utilitarianism is a consequentialist moral theory that measures the morality of ... ultimate good to be achieved, he formulates the utilitarian principle that ..... are likely to result from a given action'.24 Moral imagination is a crucial aspect.
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Mozi: the Man, the Consequentialist, and the Utilitarian - W&M Publish
proponents of the utilitarian interpretation, it seems as though some of these philosophers ... I will then establish that Mozi's theory seeks to maximize the good , citing his work on ...... present state of hunger and cold as the result of prior actions.
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