Wixted, J. T. - John Wixted - University of California, San Diego
Nov 3, 2003 ... memory traces consolidate over time (an idea that will figure prominently in the account ... the cause of forgetting anymore than it is the cause of the physical deterioration ... A more reasonable decay theory might hold that forgetting is .... If learning is typically distributed, these results suggest that PI may not.
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Implications of Short-Term Memory for a General Theory of Memory 1
actions of memory traces during learning as well as their ... for a number of different reasons, and some- how all of these ... theoretical monograph on memory-trace theory ... autonomous decay, autonomous consolidation through .... tion, forgetting, or transfer that suggest two ..... physical elements, such as letters, or informa-.
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psychol 19671 - Psychological & Brain Sciences - Washington
in time as a memory trace (a persisting representation) formed through ..... While McGeoch (1932) was torching decay theory, he argued that the most important ... but A–D learning causes much more forgetting. ... 13) revisits these historical developments and suggests a new role for inter- ..... and even physical problems.
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Single-trace fragility theory of memory dynamics - Columbia University
of the trace to the time-decay process but not to the interference process. Consolidation is assumed to ... learning, the acquisition process establishes a memory trace with an initial degree .... beyond chance (though far less accurate than a physical clock). .... of the'i'prediction that similar learning causes greater interference ...
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Failing to Recall: Examining the Effects of Trace Decay and
On average, respondents recall less than two reasons to vote for or against .... Trace decay theory posits that memory traces simply deteriorate over time or ... to affect memory include the physical environment, the compatibility between learning and ... Prior research on interference suggests that the nature of the interfering ...
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Ascoli & Schmidt (1969, JMB).pdf - Human Performance Research
Department of Physical Education. Universiry of Maryland. Proactive ... forgetting may be caused by a trace-decay mechanism. t_.' The computer time for this ...
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Download Full Text (Final Version , 1mb) - RePub - Erasmus
Dec 21, 2006 ... Although these consolidation and trace decay theories have been largely ... caused by the addition of new information to memory. ..... Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and. Cognition, 27 .... of the physical attributes of the items, whereas conceptual memory tasks rely on semantic ...
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memory modification in the brain: computational - Gershman Lab
by the old trace; otherwise, a new memory trace is formed. I show ... Evidence suggests .... 3 Context, learning and extinction: a latent cause theory ..... between decay theories (which viewed forgetting as a consequence of time-dependent .... direct physical meaning; it is better to think of them as hypothetical entities posited.
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To Forget or Not to Forget - Mathematical & Computer Sciences
a) Trace decay. This theory suggests that memory fades away with time and leaves a trace in the brain in the form of physical and/or chemical change in the nervous ... ternal contextual cues that were present during learning may change or fluctuate over ... history has given us enough reasons to become concerned with the.
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Learning-Forgetting Independence, Unidimensional - University of
Learning-Forgetting Independence, Unidimensional Memory Models, .... cause extant forgetting curves are not horizontally parallel, .... But Loftus's approach amounts to preserving a simple decay .... (e.g., amount of information or trace strength) and the de- ... for horizontal parallelism as Bogartz appeared to suggest .
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Machines that Forget: Learning from retrieval failure of mis - FTP
these learning problems is to maintain a declarative trace of reasoning that ... structure of reasoning tasks and the reasons for decisions ... ally learns that dogs can bark at any physical object, includ- ... The IMXP suggests that a knowledge- expansion goal be. 1. .... The most notable contemporary decay-theory of forgetting is.
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Repetition suppression and plasticity in the human brain
Jun 21, 2009 ... This causes decreases in ... during auditory memory-trace formation. Näätänen ... In this paradigm, deviants and standard have exactly the same physical properties. ..... exponential decay, modelling slow cumulative effects and a phasic ..... results suggest that perceptual learning, caused by stimulus repeti-.
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Is Working Memory Still Working? - University of North Texas
learning of 10-item sequences, which appears to de- pend principally ... resents trace decay or interference, a classic issue of the. 1960s ... An interference theory .... dence to suggest an association between spatial STM and the .... cause an impaired SAS has led to action being captured ..... physical and mechanical world.
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268 INTERFERENCE AND FORGETTING - Bjork Learning and
retroactive interference causes forgetting—that ap- plies to this ... traces corresponding to learning are consolidated. A subsequent ... The decay theory seems in general agreement with the .... learner's emotional or physical state— the functional encoding of ... the retrieval-practice paradigm suggest that retrieval - induced ...
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A Temporal Ratio Model of Memory - MIT
traces of items are represented in memory partly in terms of their temporal ... and not trace decay. ... Specifically, we suggest that retrieval of ... including Murdock's (1960) distinctiveness theory; ratio-rule ... serial learning, probed serial recall, location memory, and some ..... length of a physical rod (Neath et al., 2006).
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0 - Defense Technical Information Center
retention and do not have an adverse impact on learning. 20. ..... Suggest an R&D agendum to fill in the gaps and to explcre new directions deriving from the ... The two main theories as to why forgetting occurs are those of Trace Decay and ..... Design instruction which causes the learner to process the material to be learned.
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Cognitive impact of traumatic events - Stanford University
and meaningfulness of their physical. and social worlds. Psychotherapy with .... Firstly, infant maltreatment probably causes .... Learning Theory Account of Traumatic. Neurosis ... recurrence) suggests that all the familiar ef- ..... memory trace (see below). Each rehearsal acts to “reset” the strength of the otherwise decay-.
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Effects of perceptual modality on verbatim and gist memory
Fuzzy-trace theory is a global memory model developed to explain certain ... The verbatim trace is subject to rapid decay, whereas the gist trace is ... tim trace suggest that perceptual information may be one of the types ... “increased physical resemblance makes distractors better retrieval ... Many list-learning studies, which.
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2006 Pscyhology examination 2 Assessment Report - Victorian
As in 2005, but in contrast to previous years, the 'Learning' section yielded the highest ... decay theory and motivated forgetting theory' (Question 4a., Area of Study 1). ... caused a significant number of students to choose this .... The physical or chemical trace has faded due to it not being regularly .... This suggests that when.
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Journal of Mathematical Psychology Mathematical learning theory
Oct 17, 2013 ... Traces themes established by stimulus sampling theory through subsequent memory models. ... representation caused by a nominal stimulus changes gradually across .... DeNise, 1968) suggest that memory must include a network ..... in which items gradually decay from STM (see, e.g., Grossberg &.
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