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Chimpanzees play the ultimatum game
Feb 5, 2013 ... panzees show similar preferences regarding reward division, sug- gesting a long ... ultimatum game (UG), one individual (the proposer) is asked to split a quantity ... First, humans may be concerned with the welfare of others and thus ... found apes to be entirely self-interested: Proposers offered the smallest ...
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Anti-equality: Social comparison in young children - Mark Sheskin
take a cost to ensure that another's welfare falls below their own. This result ... the same school, demonstrating a preference for equality over advantage.
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Capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella) fail to show - Mark Sheskin
the expression of robust equality preferences in previous studies. ..... (e.g., low values of money in a standard dictator game), but primates might have weaker ...
[ NoCostFairness.pdf - Read/Download File

Read the Paper (PDF) - UCLA Center for Behavior, Evolution, and
It is agreed that the Common Ancestor was a quadrupedal arboreal ape ... humans living in chiefdoms or states, but, because subordinates were firmly (and .... increasingly upon large game, and, as this was taking place over a long ..... once morality arrived in conjunction with political equality, the egalitarian .... Preferences.
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Liste mit meinen Publikationen - Prof. Detlef Fetchenhauer
The Egalitarian Ape: Welfare State Games and the Preference for Equality. Talk. 7th TIBER Symposium on Psychology and. Economics: Games and Decisions, ...
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An evolutionary perspective on morality. - Georgia State University
Sep 21, 2010 ... contributions in economic games (Hagan and Hammerstein, 2006). .... Two related components of justice are equity and equality. ..... No apes show a response to inequity without a task (Bräuer et al., .... Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. .... welfare of unrelated group members.
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Voting
which agents share preferences over the alternatives, but may differ on ... Egalitarianism Egalitarianism is a broad criterion used to evaluate the .... The research in this game theo- retic literature .... state is among the objectives of a discipline called welfare economics. ...... Ltd, London. Dworkin R (1981) What is equality?
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Lecture notes 1999
Outline: libdem welfare state - anti-utilitarian; anti-intuitionist - contract theory - ... Background: autonomy of individual in preferences; neutrality w/ regard to his/her theory of ... Rawls: critique on principle behind util: equality sacrificed; humans become utility machines. ... utilitarianism) and liberal egalitarianism began.
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accepted manuscript - Comparative Cognition Laboratory - Yale
Oct 14, 2013 ... whether they have preferences regarding the equality of payoffs. .... (e.g., low values of money in a standard dictator game), but primates might have weaker equality ...... Are apes inequality averse? ... the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ... Egalitarianism in young children.
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Evolution, Biology & Society - American Sociological Association
Jeff Davis, California State University at. Long Beach (2011-2014) ..... Australopithecus Afarensis (Southern Ape from ..... If we define egalitarianism as equality of.
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Are Prosocials Unique in Their Egalitarianism? The Pursuit of - FEB
Egalitarianism? The Pursuit of ... motive to enhance equality in outcomes (i.e., prosocials) ... off than if everyone had acted for the collective welfare ... preprogrammed strategies submitted by experts on game .... as a relatively stable preference for specific distributions ... (Van Lange, 1999) states that the prosocial orientation.
[ Van den Bergh Dewitte De Cremer - PSPB 2006 - Are prosocials unique in their egalitarianism.pdf - Read/Download File

Robert H. Frank, Falling behind - Princeton University
Economists' traditional identification of preference satisfaction with the social good has not ... government can improve our welfare by paternalistically protecting our resolute future selves ... The answer is that the game is multi- person: even if ... And, once that happens, our jumped-up East African plains-ape brain cannot be.
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the science of human nature and the social contract - Cosmos and
Jul 20, 2014 ... equality, equity, and reciprocity -- that together can provide a ... state's legendary Golden Age, and he grew to maturity during .... (There is also a voluminous scholarly literature, especially in welfare .... proposed that it should combine democratic (egalitarian) elements, ...... matter of personal preference.
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The developmental and evolutionary origins of - Harvard University
Jul 16, 2014 ... infer based on the other's state of knowledge) and do not blindly assist in .... Studies on altruistic behaviors in nonhuman great apes have yielded ..... reject unequal offers in an Ultimatum Game, and thus respond to ... The developmental origins of this sense of equality ..... Egalitarianism in young children.
[ Warneken_Tomasello_2014.pdf - Read/Download File

Status and Prosociality in Egalitarian Societies - DigitalCommons
categorized behaviors and qualities that increase social status in egalitarian societies. ... state level societies broaden their influence within a global economy. .... activities and personal investment in group welfare are likely to reflect the primary .... pressures on equality solve the problem of environmental harshness, and ...
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Download this PDF file
humans and deemed them the root of a preference for egalitarian distributions and a disposition to punish. Like other great apes, elephants and some cetaceans ...
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The Fair Society: It's Time to Re-Write the Social Contract - Seattle
Jul 1, 2012 ... Alan G. Sanfey, Social Decision-Making: Insights from Game Theory and ... of Morality in Monkeys and Apes, 7 J. CONSCIOUSNESS STUD. 1 (2005), available at ... 17 Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis, Is Equality Passé?: Homo ... contrast, envisioned a natural state of anarchic violence, and proposed, for.
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Practical Ethics - Emil OW Kirkegaard
controversial social questions: equality and discrimination by race, sex, ability ..... sibility of the United States in the Life and Death Choices (New York,. The Free ...
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Culture never dies Soccernomics Home economics History as - IAST
Jun 16, 2016 ... consumer welfare. The results .... In the United States, Grosjean received ..... great apes. ... humans were very egalitarian. ... women do not have a greater preference .... Efficiency-Equality Trade-off within French and German Couples .... game. SIMON KUPER • WHY ACADEMICS. MUST REACH OUT.
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book review essay - eScholarship
Mind the gap: or why humans aren't just great apes. Proceedings of .... In fact, the welfare state now accounts ... Many studies, for instance, suggest that equality is an important .... anonymous ultimatum and third-party punishment games. ..... Yet modern egalitarian political institutions are the result of such collective actions.
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