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SE—Structures and Environment: Deep Litter Systems for Beef
SE—Structures and Environment: Deep Litter Systems for Beef Cattle housed in Uninsulated Barns, Part 2: Temperatures and Nutrients. P. Kapuinen.
[ 1-s2.0-S0021863401907206-main.pdf?_tid=bc88c5b8-e818-11e4-83a9-00000aacb35f&acdnat=1429615546_4a4132f50c63157793f91fcaf11fc567 - Read/Download File

SE—Structures and Environment: Deep Litter Systems for Beef
For beef cattle housed in uninsulated barns, it is important to design the deep litter area deeper than the dung alley in accordance with the bedding material ...
[ 1-s2.0-S0021863401907164-main.pdf?_tid=1806312e-dca6-11e4-bea7-00000aab0f01&acdnat=1428356845_0a5912ecae5f3b74a0e1bc2706b02801 - Read/Download File

Deep Litter Systems for Beef Cattle housed in Uninsulated Barns
SE*Structures and Environment. Deep Litter Systems for Beef Cattle housed in Uninsulated Barns, Part 1: Height Increase, Carrying Capacity and Speci"c ...
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Ammonia, Beef, Deep‐bedded system, Escherichia coli, Manure, Mono‐slope barn, ... 8807; approved for publication by the Structures & Environment Division .... were housed in the pens for at least 100 days, bedding ranged ... Cattle and pen characteristics of barns A and B are listed ...... poultry litter (Liu et al., 2006).
[ 2011540663.pdf - Read/Download File

Livestock housing - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
livestock production system involves many alternatives for each of ... systems greatly reduce the freedom of animals to choose an environment .... Animal behaviour can influence the design of structures, ... Hens in deep-litter systems ... Animals temperature (°c). Average range. Dairy cow. 38.6. 38.0–39.3 beef cow. 38.3.
[ i2433e07.pdf - Read/Download File

animal welfare and beef cattle production systems - FASS
all commercial cattle productions systems where the purpose of the operation includes some or all of ... to the different situations where beef cattle are managed.
[ Welfare_Beef_Cattle_Dec_2011_JJMMGJO_(2).pdf - Read/Download File

Emission Scenario Document for Insecticides for Stables - ECHA
Jan 25, 2006 ... OECD Environmental Health and safety Publications ... Insecticides for Stables and Manure Storage Systems ..... animals are housed, kept or transported in order to kill external ... the structures, are classified as biocidal products3". ..... annually for laying hens in deep pit and deep litter systems (laying ...
[ pt18_insecticides_for_stables_and_manure_en.pdf - Read/Download File

Effect of production system and farming strategy on - Labos ULg
127 ha, and 32 organic dairy farms with an average 115 cows and 178 ha. ... eq. per kg meat), while the effect on the GHG emission per kg milk was lower (0.90 to 1.10 kg ... Green house gas .... dairy production and N emission to the environment by Nielsen .... manure was in the deep litter housing system by default.
[ Troels-Kristense-livestock-sci-GHG.pdf - Read/Download File

Effects of different litter depths on environmental parameters and
finishing pigs raised on deep litter systems having distinct depths and on solid floor. ..... KAPUINEN, P. Deep litter systems for beef cattle housed in uninsulated  ...
[ a94cr273.pdf - Read/Download File

air quality and emissions from livestock and poultry production
Microorganisms that populate the gastro-intestinal systems of animals are ... organisms from both point sources (buildings) and area sources (beef and dairy cattle feedlot sur- ... piles, dead animal compost structures, manure applied cropland, and a ...... Stilt house ... However, emissions of nitrogen gases in deep litter sys-.
[ Air-Quality-White-Paper.pdf - Read/Download File

Present situation and future challenges of beef cattle production in
The first part of the article analyzes the main domestic production systems of veal calves ... terms of farm size and location, housing structures, feeding plans and cattle geno- ... INTRODUCTION – Italy has a long history and tradition as beef cattle ..... ing, compared with the deep litter, has shown to impair bulls' behaviour by ...
[ ijas.2007.1s.389 - Read/Download File

Main critical factors affecting the welfare of beef cattle and veal
structures are type of floor, space at the manger, number of water dispensers and lack ... In the veal calf rearing systems there has been a mandatory in- ... Key words: Beef cattle, Veal calves, Animal welfare, Intensive farming, Italy. .... chronic stress between bulls housed on fully ... deep litter were always dirtier than those on.
[ ijas.2009.s1.67 - Read/Download File

The Behavior, Welfare, Growth Performance and Meat Quality of
May 19, 2006 ... and meat quality of pigs housed in a deep-litter, large group .... raised in barren environments, such as conventional systems, may be more fearful during ... both housing treatments and visually inspected all animals. 2.2. ...... Performance of finishing pigs in hoop structures and confinement during winter.
[ behavior-welfare-growth-performance-meat-quality-of-pigs-housed-in-hoops.pdf - Read/Download File

Download PDF - ATTRA
tures and a deep-bedding system differ- .... beef and dairy cattle, horses, and sheep, and ... + The hooped structures can be constructed quickly and easily. ... Feed efficiency is poorer in winter because of colder environment. ..... animals ( except lactating sows and their litters) and for pigs from two weeks after weaning to ...
[ hooped_shelters_hogs.pdf - Read/Download File

B. Options to Reduce Ammonia Emissions -
emissions from subsequent steps in the manure management system. ... recommended methods, structures or practices designed to prevent or reduce environmental .... Dispersion of the ammonia plume from a beef cattle feedlot ..... nitrous oxide losses were greater with deep litter systems, leading to a more negative.
[ AP_PO_Appendix-V-Options-to-Reduce-Ammonia-Emissions.pdf - Read/Download File

Full Text (PDF) - American Society of Animal Science
Nov 24, 2014 ... sidered a health and environmental risk (Gerber et al.,. 2005; Steinfeld ... nonruminant livestock systems are less than that of ru- ... by beef cattle is not recovered in manure has been well .... house Gas Mitigation. ... Structures used to house livestock ... cate that farm yard manure and deep litter manure han-.
[ 5070 - Read/Download File

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Housing and Manure - InTech
manure is collected in storage/treatment structures or left to decompose in the open, which ... Methane emission estimates for dairy cows have been reported to range ... technique reported 70 g CH4 hd-1 d-1 emissions from a confined beef ... higher emissions reported for fatteners in deep litter and compost systems [30].
[ InTech-Greenhouse_gas_emissions_from_housing_and_manure_management_systems_at_confined_livestock_operations.pdf - Read/Download File

Guidelines for the Housing of Sheep in Scientific Institutions
Jun 23, 2010 ... Social structures . ..... The Australian Code of Practice for the Care and Use of Animals ... sheep should not be housed in isolation unless justified for the ... groups in an environment that provides some social stimulation. .... 2.4.2 Suitable flooring surfaces for sheep in pens include deep litter (for example.
[ Guide-23-housing-sheep.pdf - Read/Download File

Recycling Animal Wastes by Feeding to Enhance Environmental
ing for different classes of beef cattle, and potential exists for ... tensive confinement systems the wastes became a liability rather than ... poultry, deep litter of young poultry, hog feces, excreta of ..... under this effort is subsidizing of structures to store poultry litter. ... taken from the house, the number of cattle that could be feci ...
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Animal production systems in the industrialised world -
Keywords. Animal production system – Cattle – Goat – Pig – Poultry – Sheep. ... regarding their impact on the environment, and the public .... Organic beef production plays only a minor role in the EU, ... The majority of pigs in industrialised countries are housed ... These include deep litter, ... structures in North America (34).
[ 03sorensen493504.pdf - Read/Download File

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