Resistivity aging of beta-alumina ceramics in sodium-sulfur cells
The resistance of sodium-sulfur cells containing beta-alumina ceramic electrolyte changes with time. We show that this aging process can be divided into three ...
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SAND1988-2154 - Sandia National Laboratories
Development of Beta"-Alumina Ceramic Electrolyte - Ceramatec . .... Component Stress During Freeze/Thaw Cycling of Sodium/Sulfur Cells . ..... 3-16 Average Resistance Versus Cycle Number of a Cell Containing .... PVC-I After Aging .
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SAND1986-1266 - Sandia National Laboratories
Posttest Examinations of FACC Sodium/Sulfur Cells-ANL .... Development of Beta ”-Alumina Ceramic Electrolyte-Ceramatec . ..... Sodium-Sodium Testing of Extended PB Wick Resistance vs Depth of Discharge .................................... 41. Transfer ..... Accelerated Aging Test Showing Membrane's Loss of Ion Exchange Capacity.
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Environmental, Health, and Safety Issues of Sodium-Sulfur - NREL
safety issues involved in shipping cells and batteries, using batteries to propel .... The major components of the Na/S cell are a solid ceramic electrolyte of beta" - alumina, ... by the discovery of the high ionic conductivity of sodium ions in beta- alumina ..... Unifonnity of cell aging is a safety issue at the battery level  and is ...
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Chemically polished ceramic body
a battery, many sodium-sulfur cells are connected elec trically in ... sodium beta- and/or sodium beta"-alumina ceramic material, they will ... aging could also be minimized or eliminated. ... effects of asymmetric polarization and resistivity aging ,.
[ US4374701.pdf - Read/Download File
Method of etching to form cationically-conductive ceramic body
Aug 3, 1981 ... and/or alkali metal beta"-alumina composition useful as an electrolyte in a ... a battery, many sodium-sulfur cells are connected elec trically in ... values and resistance aging (increase in the electrolyte resistivity with usage in ...
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Etched beta"-alumina ceramic electrolyte
Aug 3, 1981 ... particularly useful in a sodium-sulfur cell or battery. In one particular aspect ... ric polarization and resistivity aging, i.e. increase in the electrolyte ...
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Electrochemical Energy Storage - InTech
It is low price and availability of lead, good reliability, high voltage of cell (2 V), high ... mixture of additives as Sn, Cd and Se, that improve corrosion resistance and make ..... electrolyte from the ceramic beta-alumina (the same as in the sodium-sulphur battery). The ... Aging mechanisms and service life of lead–acid batteries.
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Download Book (PDF, 31116 KB) - Springer
beta alumina are under active development in nov'el new systems. Their study has ...... cell life because life of sodium-sulfur cells is still best depicted by total ...
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Full-Text PDF - MDPI
Dec 29, 2014 ... It should be noted that fuel cells are a production technology but ... of energy storage—this is followed by compressed air (440 MW), sodium sulphur (316 MW) , .... Local resistance to new PHS projects has often been encountered. ...... Focus on a range of fast sodium ion conductors (including beta-alumina.
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Modeling and Characterization of Rate Phenomena in Complex
Electrochemical Systems: Sodium-Metal Chloride Batteries and Ni/SiC. Co- Deposition ... movement of the metal that takes place in the cell with increased cycling that can cause the failure of ... Ceramic Particle Incorporation into Electrodeposited Films. ...... The two most common sodium-beta batteries are the sodium-sulfur.
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Provided for non-commercial research and - Gunnar Musan
of Naю between the inner surface of the β00-alumina and the reaction point inside ..... Operating Principle. Sodium-sulfur (NAS) battery cells are cylindrical, and.
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energy storage technologies - Washington Internships for Students
... domestic electrical grid is largely ineffective due to aging power equipment, ..... resistance; they can reach efficiencies of 90% or above . ... A sodium-sulfur ( NaS) battery consists of a liquid sulfur positive electrode, a liquid sodium negative electrode, and a solid beta-alumina ceramic electrolyte. ... Flow battery cells are.
[ cotterman_wise_energystorage.pdf - Read/Download File
Advanced Materials and Devices for Stationary - TMS Studies
fuel cells, advanced compressed-air energy storage, and superconducting .... However, the aging electric grid does not have the ability to transmit these large ... (e.g., sodium-sulfur and sodium-nickel-chloride), lithium-ion batteries, flow ...... with a beta alumina membrane, offer a high efficiency (up to 90%), and have energy ...
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Fast ionic conductors - Taylor & Francis Online
which are based on silver iodide, sodium beta-alumina and stabilized zirconia ... electrolyte based electrochemical cell is followed by a detailed assessment of oxygen ... system based on a sodium/sulphur (Na/S) couple and the ceramic material was .... and also some of the observed ageing effects in the fluorite oxides.
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A Review of Energy - Hal
Nov 27, 2012 ... Sodium-sulphur (NaS) is a new promising high temperature battery technology, ... molten sodium at the negative electrode separated by a solid beta alumina ceramic ... the design of the electrode cells and the energy capacity depends on .... should include an aging model taking into account the operation ...
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Techno-Economic Assessment of Battery Solutions for Solar Plants
Jun 18, 2014 ... 2.2.1 Sodium-Sulfur Battery Technology (NaS) . . . . . . . 20 ..... nominal energy to nominal power ratio of battery cell. FF ... parasitic resistance of the VRB electrical model. Rlc ..... The electrodes are separated by a solid beta alumina ceramic electrolyte membrane which permits the pass of sodium ions be-.
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Get PDF (84K) - Wiley Online Library
abrasion resistance 942, 945, 1079–1080 abrasion ... alumina) 138 ... Beta technique 1085 ... alterations due to aging 1091–1092 ... ceramic coatings 587 ..... flotation cells 417–420 ..... sodium tripolyphosphate 250 ... sulfur dyes 169– 170.
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Energy Storage Toolkit
Feb 17, 2012 ... Electro-chemical (lithium, nickel, lead-acid, sodium sulphur, ... Fuel cell. Lead Acid. Ligh te r. Smaller. Voumetric Energy Density (Wh/l) ..... available, and thus reduce the reliance on oil and the aging electric ..... the negative electrode as active materials, separated by a solid beta alumina ceramic electrolyte.
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Design and Simulation of DC Electric Vehicles Charging Station
Nov 6, 2012 ... Due to a rapidly aging electric transmission and distribution infrastructure, ...... electrodes are separated by a solid beta alumina ceramic .
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