How to Make a Cladogram
... a Cladogram. (Adapted from ENSI/SENSI lesson plan: Making Cladograms ... By depicting these relationships, cladograms reconstruct the evolutionary history.
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MAKING CLADOGRAMS: Background and Procedures
Evolution & Nature of Science Institutes (ENSI/SENSI) Lesson Plan: Making ... In the Data Table provided (on your Cladogram Worksheet), place an "x" in the.
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Basics of Cladistic Analysis - The George Washington University
Systematics and its phylogenetic trees provide the basis of evolutionary interpretation. •. The phylogenetic tree and corresponding classification predicts properties of ...... Rather than creating a cladogram, create a network based on shared states: ..... Family. Genus (plural, genera). Species. A biological classification should.
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Understanding Evolutionary Trees - CBS
Feb 12, 2008 ... will annoy some specialists, “evolutionary tree,” “phylogenetic tree,” and “ phylogeny” are used .... species phylogenies and human family pedigrees, and thinking ... examples of six common ways of drawing cladograms, each of which ..... an obviously silly reading of this tree is no more fallacious than of the ...
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Cladistics (reading and making of cladograms)
Cladistics (reading and making of cladograms) ... systematics – Classification of organisms based on their evolutionary relationships. ... grouped together to form a genus and several similar genera are grouped together to form a family and.
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Understanding Evolutionary Trees - Springer
Feb 12, 2008 ... will annoy some specialists, “evolutionary tree,” “phylogenetic tree,” and “ phylogeny” are used .... species phylogenies and human family pedigrees, and thinking ... examples of six common ways of drawing cladograms, each of which is exactly ..... Conversely, although a reading across the tips in Fig. 12c.
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Understanding Evolutionary Relationships with - The College Board
and then use the information to construct a cladogram. A cladogram (also called a phylogenetic tree) is a visualization of the evolutionary relatedness of species. ..... This fun activity involves students creating cladograms to show the evolution of ... The following resources illustrate common misconceptions in reading and ...
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Evolution computer lab - TAG-Ed
with a phylogenetic tree or a simple cladogram to determine evolutionary history and speciation. ... know that all species in the cat family are carnivores. Why is ...
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The Classification & Evolution of Caminalcules - NABT National
structing a phylogenetic tree or classification. ... living species and their evolutionary relationships. ... genera are combined into families, families into .... Caminalcules, a meter stick for drawing lines on the .... Reading, MA: Addison- Wesley.
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Understanding Evolutionary History: An - Vanderbilt University
diagram—an evolutionary tree—would be incredibly large, and it would contain an unimaginable amount of .... The cladogram in Figure 1 shows evolutionary relationships among only three taxa. As you ..... placed, for example, in another family. ... cladogram in the space to the right, making the following changes: a) Prune ...
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How Cladograms Reify Common Evolutionary Misconcept - Test Page
Cladograms are tree-like structures devised by evolutionary biologists for conveying ... and science museums, yet most non-biologists have difficulty reading them. ... family, or order), the pair of taxa that share a common ancestor more recently ..... It is possible to build cladograms from morphological information, but such ...
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Whale Adaptations - American Museum of Natural History
making inferences about the features of shared common ancestors.) • How can ... 4th floor, LeFrak Family Gallery (30-45 minutes). Using their ... Find structural evidence for evolution and adaptation in modern whales. Students ... Ask them: Which Cladogram from the class reading does this one resemble more? Ask them to.
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The Compleat Cladist A Primer of Phylogenetic Procedures
results of parallel or convergent evolution and again creating possibly artificial groups. ... relationship is shown in the form of a phylogenetic tree, a reconstruction of the genealogic ... exactly the same organisms whether it is ranked as a class, an order, or a family. 2. ..... There is no substitute for reading Hennig (1966).
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Nov 14, 2013 ... At the start of Lab 3, you will discuss with your AI your reading of textbook pp. 7- 15 (Plant ... Give one example of an apomorphy from the family. Lycopodiaceae. 5. ... accurate estimate of evolutionary relationships when reticulation does occur ? 6. What is a strict ... Exercise #3 – Creating a phylogenetic tree.
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Linear Versus Branching Depictions of Evolutionary History
genic diagram found in a contemporary biology textbook or a cladogram in either the ladder or tree format. ... 1B, the line drawing at the top can be decomposed into parts in either of the ways ... from) arrangements of visual elements is reading order—from left to right and top to bottom ...... Phylogeny of the family Equidae.
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Evolution of the TCP Gene Family in Asteridae: Cladistic and
Evolution of the TCP Gene Family in Asteridae: Cladistic and Network. Approaches to .... To build an experimental and analytical framework to distinguish between ..... reading frame; (2) presence of two or more unique nucleotides relative to ...
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The Uses of Cladistics - Annual Reviews
anagenetic information (in Hennig's usage, the cladistic aspects of evolution). CLADISTIC ... In reading the works of c1adists, one quickly ... For exam ple, feathers and a horny bill on birds are excellent for making an inference that the .... Guinea, has the seventh segment unflared and similar to all others in the family. Two.
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BIOL-6A Lab Manual - De Anza College
Apr 1, 2007 ... range from tutoring and special short courses in reading and writing skills to financial aid and .... collecting data and making graphs) and some questions you should answer. ..... kingdom - phylum - class - order - family - genus - species ... Your cladogram won't necessarily be right in terms of evolutionary.
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Phylogenetic Relationships in the Commelinaceae: I. A Cladistic
The plant family Commelinaceae displays a wide range of variation in vegetative, floral, and ... Evans (1995) conducted a cladistic analysis of the ... classifications, however, is rooted in an evolutionary framework ...... oplasious characters, thereby creating unnatural as- ... Garland for reading an earlier draft of the manuscript.
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An Evolutionary Systematist's View of Classification
Oct 24, 2006 ... of evolutionary systematics, to provide classiﬁcations of maximum utility ... [ Classiﬁcation; evolutionary systematics; cladistics; monophyly; polyphyly; higher taxon] ..... for genus and family that are nearly alike ..... Alex Slater, and V. H. Ashlock for reading the manuscript and making valuable suggestions, and.
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