Defining and Measuring Inequality - ODI Inequality Briefings 1
there is a growing body of evidence that income inequality. (at least) within ... of economic inequality as 'the fundamental disparity that permits one ... Ray (1998).
[ 3804.pdf - Read/Download File
The Return of Inequality - ecineq
As Debraj Ray puts it: 'Ultimately, economic inequality is the fundamental disparity that permits one individual certain material choices, while denying another ...
[ ecineq2006-44.pdf - Read/Download File
The Politics of Economic Inequality in - Palgrave Connect
oping countries.1 Interpersonal economic inequality refers to the disproportional ..... a development economist such as Debraj Ray to define economic inequality not ... and income, but rather as ' ... the fundamental disparity that permits one ...
[ 9780230584082 - Read/Download File
Does High Inequality in Developing Countries Lead to Slow
May 10, 2005 ... Economic inequality has been defined as “the fundamental disparity that permits one individual certain material choices, while denying ... more recent ones, tried to support this hypothesis (Paukert, 1973 in Ray, 1998).
[ viewcontent.cgi?article=1011&context=uer - Read/Download File
World Bank Document - The World Bank
Mar 9, 2004 ... purchasing power parity for income poverty, as basic needs are bound to differ ... Of course, one might consider such a relative definition of income .... “Inequality” ( or “distribution”) refers to disparities in relative income across the ..... their kids to secondary school and college if they so wish (Ray 1998).
[ 28102.pdf - Read/Download File
Introduction - Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality
... (1) the dra- matic increase in economic inequality in many countries over the last quar- ... disparities in the standard of living have become more widely visible and ... form of grassroots political mobilization on various anti-poverty platforms. 1 ... of measurement rather than more fundamental conceptual issues that, as we.
[ conceptual_foundations_poverty_inequality_meas.pdf - Read/Download File
Download PDF - unu-wider - United Nations University
Economic inequality has been defined by Ray (1998) as the 'fundamental disparity that permits one individual certain material choices, while denying another ...
[ wp2015-008.pdf - Read/Download File
Monitoring and Measuring Horizontal Inequalities - Department of
Jun 4, 2010 ... Measuring HIs in different segments of the income distribution . .... shows, this approach also permits one to see how far any change in ..... Cultural status HIs include disparities in the recognition and ... elements that seem to be generally fundamental to well-being have ..... Estaban-Ray polarisation index:.
[ crise-ov4 - Read/Download File
Horizontal Inequalities - Research for Development
1. Horizontal Inequalities: A Neglected Dimension of Development. Abstract ... Such identities are a fundamental influence on behaviour2 (by the ... horizontal inequalities, with vast economic inequalities between the US and the ..... which measure the disparities in the distribution of income … and divergent government .
[ wp1.pdf - Read/Download File
Rural Non-farm Income and Inequality in Nigeria - Core
Ray (1998:170) defines economic inequality as “the fundamental disparity that permits one individual certain material choices, while denying another individual ...
[ 6345297.pdf - Read/Download File
Inequality, Lobbying, and Resource Allocation - Department of
... AND DEBRAJ RAY*. This paper describes how wealth inequality may distort public resource allocation. .... market and permits relatively poor but rela- ... 259. VOL. 96 NO. 1. ESTEBAN AND RAY: INEQUALITY, LOBBYING, AND RESOURCE ALLOCATION ..... z. F 1 1z. dF . The following observation is fundamental:.
[ EstebanRayAER.pdf - Read/Download File
Readings in the Theory of Economic Development - Department of
There is one central, simple question in the study of economic development: why are ... theories in contrast predict that the disparities would persist, absent suitable shocks or .... We have chosen the Adser`a-Ray paper for its clear exposition of the basic ... 2.3 Historical Self-Reinforcement: The Inequality- Development Inter-.
[ DevReaderIntro.pdf - Read/Download File
Development Economics - Department of Economics - New York
Stiglitz (1993), Ray (1998), Bardhan and Udry (1999), Mookherjee and Ray ( 2001), and. Sen (1999)). ... has had a fundamental impact on “big-question” development economics. For theory, ... convergence must be traced to one or another of these “parameters”. .... between income inequality and the rate of growth.
[ RayPalgrave.pdf - Read/Download File
Social Patterns of Inequality, Partisan Competition, and Latin
Apr 28, 2016 ... Short title: Social Inequality, Parties and Redistribution ... outcomes and in redistributing resources are a fundamental input into the political process ... Our goal is not simply to add more evidence on one side or the .... titudes when social divides coincide with economic disparities, producing high inequality.
[ Morgan_Kelly_v56.pdf - Read/Download File
Measurement of Inequality - LSE Research Online
Keywords: Inequality, social welfare, income distribution. JEL Nos.: C13 ... 1. 1.1. 1 The Irene and Janet approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 1.1.2 The Parade approach . ..... The function F is our fundamental concept for economic and statistical ap .... These two axioms permit us to work with elementary distributions represented.
[ Measurement_of_Inequality.pdf - Read/Download File
The causes of changes in the distribution of family income in
Mar 3, 2006 ... 1. 1.1 Recent trends in labour market, family and other demographic characteristics in Australia. 2. Trends in ... Recent findings on income inequality in Australia. 7. 3. Data ..... the widening disparity at the family level may to a large extent derive from ..... Overall, Blacklow and Ray (2000) agree that income.
[ prp_27.pdf - Read/Download File
Download as a PDF - Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and
The effects on income inequality of government intervention, in the form of provision of ... There are several key possibilities: First, the widening disparity at the family .... offsetting increase in one-parent families, from 6.5 to 9.9 percent of all families. .... and Ray (2000) agree that income inequality increased over the period.
[ johnsonandwilkins.pdf - Read/Download File
University of Cape Town
Apr 2, 2010 ... Merger Evaluation: an Economic and Legal Analysis. .... to microeconomic ones of efficiency, social welfare and equity. ...... 60Debraj Ray, Development Economics, Princeton University Press, Princeton New Jersey (1998), at 10-22. ..... 'Ultimately, economic inequality is the fundamental disparity that.
[ thesis_law_2012_pavese_yariv.pdf?sequence=1 - Read/Download File
The First Pan-European Sociological Health Inequalities Survey of
May 16, 2016 ... ferences, variations, and disparities in the health ... which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided ... European Sociological Review, 2016, 1–17 ... but also in high-income countries with advanced health- ..... According to the authors, a fundamental social cause of.
[ esr.jcw019.full.pdf - Read/Download File
Inequality, Human Capital Formation and the Process of - IZA
1 Development economists advanced an additional hypothesis about the relationship ... Ray, 2003) or across economies (Galor and Mountford, 2008; Galor, 2010). ... growth, which has subsequently emerged, maintained the two fundamental ... level of income per capita, inequality may permit at least members of the upper ...
[ dp6328.pdf - Read/Download File