Panayotou paper - unece
Mar 3, 2003 ... Theodore Panayotou ... decreases monotonically, or (c) first increases and then declines ... price of economic growth and ensuring more sustainable outcomes? ... the properties of preferences and especially the income elasticity for ..... internalization of environmental costs (e.g. through pollution taxes and ...
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Demystifying the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Turning a Black Box
Theodore Panayotou is a Fellow of the Institute at the Harvard Institute for ... the only development-related variable that matters, or does the speed with which ... box”: it hides more than it reveals since income level is used as a catch-all .... introduction of more secure property rights over resources and pollution taxes (or other ...
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(PDF), 50 pages - The World Bank
Aug 1, 1992 ... income level and environmental quality, and developing coun- .... Ravi Kanbur, " Heterogeneity, Distribution and Cooperation in Common Property Resource ... Theodore Panayotou, "Policy Options for Controlling Urban and Industrial .... do more than keep pace with the population increase, particularly in ...
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economic instruments for environmental management and
Theodore Panayotou ... economic growth and costs have been far greater than expected, though still quite ... such as capital, government revenue, management skills, administrative and .... secure property rights, pollution taxes, user charges, tradeable emission ... Indeed, in this case, polluters are liable not only for the cost .
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The Use of Economic Instruments in Environmental Policy - UNEP
broad array of policy tools, ranging from pollution taxes and ... economic instruments will actually raise revenue for governments, providing an important ... Theodore Panayotou (Harvard Institute for International Development), Jan Pieters ( ..... environmental damage, and polluting firms to control more than required in order ...
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Theodore Panayotou (1993): Green Markets: The economics of
international community, national and local governments, and the private .... the year 1993 was only US$1.54 billion, a little more than a quarter of what was estimated .... Property or land taxes, timing of income, capital gains taxes, severance.
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Global Warming: A Public Finance Perspective - [email protected]
Sep 5, 1996 ... Enacting a carbon tax is only one of many possible policy ... Without a system of international property rights, nor any .... 4When the government can raise revenue through lump-sum taxes, then ... revenues from such a tax would be more than 1 percent of GNP. ..... Panayotou and Sungsuwan (1989) study.
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Income and the Race to the Top - Hoover Institution
forces, not government, would provide the stimulus for delivering a cleaner and richer ... community accepts more pollution than its neighbor, people of the ... around property rights and the rule of law, it is a positive-sum game ... will be improved; reflected in the EKC are only those environmental ...... Panayotou, Theodore.
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PART FOUR: Innovative mechanisms in sector finance - Sustainable
sector investments and, in combination with a more realistic pricing of services, have ... Theodore Panayotou is Institute Fellow and Director, International ...
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Get cached PDF - Core
perspective introduces the environment-income relationship and examines ... Theodore Panayotou is the Director of the Program on Environment and .... in extra productivity of land and this results in extra food, more than sufficient ..... changes, land tenure systems, capital markets, government regulations, and tax policies.
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The Environmental Kuznets Curve: A Primer
the distribution of income becomes more unequal at early stages of income growth but ... Eventually, when most aspects of the environment are defined as property, ... environmental improvement, income elasticity of demand is greater than one; .... In another study, Panayotou (1995) investigated the EKC relationship for.
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Policy reform Integration of sustainability objectives in structural
sustainable development, governments, environ- mental activists and ... its environmental impacts will only help to per- ... (EA) since its emergence more than a decade ago has been on ..... more diversified; increased revenues from extractive industries ..... Theodore Panayotou (1995), Internalization and Competitiveness.
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Environmental Taxes in Europe - EfD - Initiative
On the whole, most European countries have fairly high levels of ... from these taxes average around 3% of GDP or 8% of government revenue. (OECD, 2002) and are widely accepted – not only in Germany and the ..... ambitious environmental profile than for instance the Netherlands, Germany ..... Panayotou, Theodore.
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Download PDF - CommDev
More information available on www.iipm-mpri.org. A great variety ..... This work by Professor Theodore Panayotou, Director of Harvard University Envi- ronment ...
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Carbon Taxes, the Greenhouse Effect, and Developing - CCRASA
is to get these findins out quicldy, even if presntations are less than fully polished. .... Theodore Panayotou, "Policy Options for Controlling Urban and Industrial Pollution" ... economic growth, government revenues and environmental protection, ... The paper concludes that whereas a global carbon tax may be a more distant ...
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www.econ.ucsb.edu - UCSB Economics - University of California
May 24, 1999 ... increase as per capita income increases and then to decline. ... There are several reasons why just including an additive .... More generally, omitting the form of government might bias the turning point either up or .... environmental policy takes the form of a tax on pollution, τ. ...... Panayotou, Theodore, 1993.
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Environmental Policy Analysis: An Environmental Computable
Richard Garbaccio at the East–West Center; Theodore Panayotou at the ... various public policies, such as tax and government spending. ... CGE model, but only provide more detailed description of produc- ... ways of incorporating the misuse of property right into environmental CGE ...... serious than ever before in China.
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Emissions Trading: Lessons From SOx and NOx Emissions
Taxation of Emission Allowances and Credits by Markus W. ... to establish similar GHG trading systems, to name only a few incentives that .... The Article then examines the U.S. NOx ETS and the Canadian ... Theodore Panayotou, Economic Instruments for Environ- .... private property, the government would have to offer fair.
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Basic Concepts and Common Valuation Errors - IDL-BNC @ IDRC
Theodore Panayotou ... Valuation of Outcomes of Government Intervention: Consumer ... conventional benefit-cost analysis to obtain fuller, and hence more correct, .... accept) and all required inputs in terms of opportunity costs, then the sign of ... 0 [Willingness to Pay - Actual Payments] + 0 [Revenues - Opportunity Costs].
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human development report 1998 - Human Development Reports
countries, all is not well: more than a billion ... but that growth has not yielded only bene- .... Theodore. Panayotou, Charles Perrings, Robert Prescott-. Allen,]uliet Schor, Amartya Sen, .... 5.8 Eco-tax-the Swedish success ... 1.4 Similar HDI, different income ..... inequalities, government policies and ..... mon property, to credit.
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