Precise equation of state of seawater for oceanic ranges of salinity
24, pp. 365 to 369. Pergamon Press. Printed in Great Britain. Precise equation of state of seawater for oceanic ranges of salinity, temperature and pressure*.
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Precise equation of state of seawater for oceanic ranges of salinity
Precise equation of state of seawater for oceanic ranges of salinity, temperature and ... V0, K0, A and B are all salinity- and temperature-dependent parameters.
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Physical properties of seawater A new salinity scale and equation of
Mar 20, 1985 ... ... over the oceanic range of temperature and pressure at salinity of 35. ... a practical salinity scale (PSS 78) and an equation of state for seawater (EOS 80) ... Sciences of the Oceans) working group on symbols, units, and nomenclature ... density could be estimated more precisely from conductivity than from ...
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1 Lecture 3: Temperature, Salinity, Density and Ocean Circulation
The temperature of seawater is fixed at the sea surface by heat exchange with the ... land; oceanic temperature variations are on the order of a few degrees, .... seawater. Salinity = 1.80655 Cl. This approach is fast, precise and not a bad .... produce an internationally accepted one atmosphere equation of state of seawater.
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Chpt. 3: Properties of Water and Seawater James W - University of
Sep 30, 2004 ... When a salt dissolves in solution, water molecules surround each ion ... within the critical temperature range that accommodates ..... ways that are accurate and precise. ... world's oceans is from 34.60 to 34.80 parts per thousand (g/kg). ..... one atmosphere equation of state of seawater (Millero and Poisson, ...
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Chapter 3 - University of Washington, School of Oceanography
temperatures, suggesting that the salts in seawater have a net effect of ... At one atmosphere and over the temperature range of 0 to 30°C, the .... The Cl can be converted to salinity using the Knudsen equation .... (precise to ±3 ppm or 3 x 10. -6. ) ... one atmosphere equation of state of seawater (Millero and Poisson, 1981).
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Chapter 2 Temperature, salinity, density, and the oceanic pressure
constant, and salinity, the total salt content of seawater, is a well-defined ... information on the Practical Salinity Scale and the Equation of State of Seawater which ... against measurements obtained with precision reversing thermometers and with .... usually accurate to within 0.5 - 1% of full range, i.e. to 5 - 10 m if the sensor ...
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Physical Properties of Seawater
in the oceans, because water is such an effective heat reservoir (see ... For the normal range of salinity in the ... Salinity. 0. 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. 30. –2. Freezing point. Temp. of max. density. 90% of ocean ... The accu- racy and precision of pressure measurements ... related to the equation of state that date from. 1980 predate ...
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Thermodynamic Properties of Seawater - eolss
of state, phase equilibrium, oceanography, salinity, temperature, density, traceability ... Range of Validity ... The International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater 2010, TEOS-10, ... In the oceans, several salts are dissolved in water, forming a ... of precision experiments to determine, say, the density of humid air or the heat ...
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The International thermodynamic equation of seawater, 2010
E.2 Calculation of Practical Salinity at oceanographic temperature and ... Group 127 on the Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater. ... Science Foundation and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for ...... measure of salinity over the full range of oceanographic conditions and agrees precisely.
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Oxygen solubility in seawater: Better fitting equations
Precise and accurate values of oxygen sol- ubility in seawater ... seawater as func- tions of temperature and salinity and eval- ... of least-squares; it covers oceanic ranges of temperature .... same equation of state for seawater, any dif- ferences ...
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THE OFFICIAl MAGAzINE OF THE OCEANOGRAPHY SOCIETY
History of the equation of state of seawater. ... reference salinity, temperature, and pressure, using ... of seawater in the major oceans using the new TEOS-10. .... tivity salinities with great precision .... The scale is limited to the salinity range.
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Thermodynamic properties of standard seawater: extensions to high
Jul 7, 2009 ... be used to extend the present equation of state of seawater to ... state for seawater over a wider range of temperature and pres- ... compressibility values of seawater with a precision of ... function for seawater covering the standard oceanic range ... the important roles of pressure, temperature and salinity.
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The density of seawater as a function of salinity (5 to 70 g kg−1) and
May 5, 2009 ... the equation of state of seawater to a wider range of tem- perature (273.15 to ... the equation of state of seawater over a wider range of temperature and salinity ... The precision of the Practical Salinity is 0.0005 on a given sample. ... 1981; Millero et al., 2008a), and Pacific oceans (Millero et al., 1978; 2009) ...
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Algorithms for Density, Potential Temperature - Geophysical Fluid
Dec 6, 2006 ... The major moti- vation for the development of this equation of state was ... a function of conservative temperature, salinity, and pressure, and .... in situ temperature at which seawater freezes at a pres- sure of 500 .... oceanic practice of treating potential temperature as a ... Full details on the precise definition ...
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An Equation of State for Use in Ocean Models: Eckart's Formula
Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, ... for in situ density as a function of potential temperature, salinity, and pressure are ... formulas relating in situ density to the in situ temperature are also given. 1. Introduction. The equation of state (EOS) for seawater is a diag- ... ferent depth ranges.
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CRDN Refractive Index of Seawater
Sep 5, 2009 ... Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater at its Meeting 6th ... must be comparable to those of temperature and salinity in terms of its.
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Research Article A Multiscale Gibbs-Helmholtz Constrained Cubic
Aug 18, 2009 ... cubic equation of state is used to predict liquid densities at high pressure and validated using ...... double precision arithmetic on a Dell High Precision 670 ..... of state for seawater in oceanic ranges of salinity, temperature and.
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Algorithms for computation of fundamental properties of seawater
the international equation of state of seawater 1980. 2-5 September 1975; ... dity of commonly used seawater properties within the oceanic ranges for salinity ..... Formulas based on earlier salinity and temperature scales are with few exceptions ... ences exceed the precision of measurement of modern sensors, corrections.
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Salinity measurement and use of the Practically Salinity Scale (PSS)
the salinity range from 34.60 - 34.80, which emphasize the importance of careful observations and ... salinity from conductivity and the temperature measurements gives salinity ... ocean. The state of seawater depends on three quantities, absolute ... the equation state. ... more precisely from conductivity than from chlorinity.
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