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The Net Benefits of the Acid Rain Program - Resources for the Future
Abstract. This study quantifies the cost savings from the Acid Rain Program (ARP) compared with a ... River to units in the eastern US with higher exposed populations. .... permits may not maximize the net benefits of the associated emissions reduction (Mendelsohn .... We also estimate the damages caused by all units.
[ RFF-DP-15-25.pdf - Read/Download File

The U.S. Acid Rain Program and Its Effect on SO2 Emission Levels
regressional analysis using SPSS and data from the U.S. Acid Rain Program. .... Unlike the other two programs, bubble policy was designed primarily to ... of SO2 emission levels it can be inferred that permit trading is a leading cause of large .... be accessed at <http://> (EPA d 2002).
[ ludwig_edited.pdf - Read/Download File

Why the Acid Rain Problem Is Not Solved - Clean Air Task Force
Eastern Acid Rain Program in Canada and cooperative agreements between the US and Canada led to significant declines in .... Damaged Canadian watersheds, located primarily in southern .... Acid rain is the major cause of red spruce mortality at high elevation ..... capacities of their coal plants while evading the permit-.
[ Acid_Rain_Report.pdf - Read/Download File

Full Paper - MIT
The U.S. Acid Rain Program is one of the first, and by far the most extensive, ... of the pollutants, volatile organic chemicals, which cause smog, and the ... important to understand trading behavior in a tradable permits market in order to improve future .... A utility's trading activity may be influenced by PUC behavior primarily.
[ 98005.pdf - Read/Download File

The SO Allowance Trading System: The Ironic History of a - MIT
The government gave permits to emit, called allowances, denominated in tons of SO2 .... great concern in the United States about acid rain, in particular about the .... of the allowance-trading program, 52 percent primarily pursued fuel switching .... caused low-sulfur coal prices in the Midwest to peak in December, 2005, at a ...
[ 2012-012.pdf - Read/Download File

the so allowance-trading system and the clean air act amendments
The introduction of the U.S. SO2 allowance-trading program to address the threat ... dioxide (SO2), primarily from electric power plants. .... 4 See “Acid Rain Program,” Clean Air Markets, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington , DC,, for the text of the amendments and other ...
[ chan_et_al_so2_article_national_tax_journal_2012.pdf - Read/Download File

Cap-and-Trade versus Carbon Tax - League of Women Voters
emissions and surrender an equivalent number of permits, to be retired from the system. ... The most successful cap-and-trade system to date is the Acid Rain Program ... 2009 League of Women Voters of the United States: Climate Change Task .... present value of additional economic damages now and in the future caused ...
[ CCTF_BP_CapTrade-CarbonTax.pdf - Read/Download File

Updating the Allocation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Permits in a
U.S. adoption of a cap'and'trade program for greenhouse gases could place some do' .... of a Federal GHG trading program, primarily due to the unprecedented value of the ... Trading Program (EU ETS), the National Acid Rain Program (ARP), and the ..... damages and that the damages caused by an incremental change in ...
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the enforcement challenge of cap-and-trade regulation - Lewis & Clark
Feb 1, 2011 ... Clean Air Act's2 Title IV Acid Rain Program (Title IV)—the hallmark cap-and- trade program of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) ... emissions that cause climate change.5 The cap-and-trade program set forth in ... trade programs described in this Article have all primarily regulated ...
[ 7585-404mcallister - Read/Download File

Monitoring, Accounting and Enforcement in Emissions - OECD
Mar 18, 2003 ... Emissions Permits (CATEP) Country Forum, held at the OECD ..... trading regimes in the USA (Acid rain program, Ozone Transport ... 2 Further information on the programs can be found on the internet at www.epa.gpv/airmarkets/arp resp. .... participants in the absolute regime can cause overall emissions to.
[ 2957646.pdf - Read/Download File

Regulation of Coal-Fired Electric Power Under U.S. Law
Abstract: Coal-fired power generation in the United States is facing ... cumulatively, would cause the unplanned retirement of 17 to 59 gigawatts (GW) of .... discharges, mine owners must secure a Clean Water Act discharge permit;. 20 ..... Acid Rain Program, at (last modified Apr. 14, 2004).
[ spence_coal_electric.pdf - Read/Download File

2008 Emission, Compliance, and Market Analyses - US
mandatory NOx SIP Call reductions primarily through par- ... Cap and trade programs such as the NBP and the Acid Rain. Program (ARP) set a cap on overall regional emissions and ... The NOx Budget Trading Program: 2008 Emission, Compliance, and Market ..... This causes combustion to occur in stages , lowering.
[ nbp_2008_ecm_analyses.pdf - Read/Download File

Welfare Gains from Optimal Pollution Regulation - Business
Nov 9, 2012 ... For example, in the US Acid Rain Program about $600 million to $1.8 billion worth of emission permits were given to electric utilities for .... They estimate the cost-savings from Phase I of the Acid Rain Program (ARP) relative to .... The electric utilities in my sample primarily rely on coal to produce electricity.
[ AE-S13-Abito.pdf - Read/Download File

Should we be worried about the Green Paradox? - TSE
the announcement of the Acid Rain Program and its implementation; moreover, the ... input and sulfur content of coal delivered to U.S. power plants, we find strong evidence ... suggested by Sinn (2008, 2012) and others give cause for concern, or are ... 1The ARP itself has been the focus of much research, and has been ...
[ corrado.pdf - Read/Download File

Emissions Trading, Electricity Industry Restructuring, and - UC Davis
Mar 27, 2014 ... pollution from large stationary sources (primarily electricity ... In a formal proof of the existence of a cost effective permit market equilibrium ... 2All of the emissions regulated under the Acid Rain Program and over ... CAT programs, the NOx SIP Call, which is second only to the ARP in terms of size and scope.
[ fowlie-paper.pdf - Read/Download File

final report - United Nations Statistics Division
2.4 Business accounting for emission permits and allowances . .... Kellaway, UK; Ryan Greenaway-McGrevy, US; Marc De Haan, London Group; Marta .... not affected by the problems caused by the „indifference‟ of polluters to the ...... The Acid Rain Program (ARP) is a cap and trade scheme for sulphur dioxide (SO2) ...
[ report-EP.pdf - Read/Download File

123 emissions trading across china: incorporating hong kong and
Acid Rain Program (U.S. ARP) provides an almost ideal template for an ETS within a ..... ling Air Pollution: California's Marketable Permits Program, 20 ECOLOGY L.Q. 103, 104. (1993) ... cause they can sell any extra credits for additional profit.20 Plants ... can policymakers relied primarily on similar schemes .31 The Chi-.
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Technical Evaluation and Preliminary Determination
Oct 28, 2010 ... Department issued Draft Permit decision for SRF and posted documents. 1.3. ..... The off-gases from the fermentation vessels, which contain primarily CO2 .... Requirements for Sources Subject to the Federal (Title IV) Acid Rain Program ..... Program (ARP) because it will provide 219,000 MW-hours or less of ...
[ SRFTECH.pdf - Read/Download File

Report - apec egcfe - Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
Nov 30, 2008 ... Canada, the EU, and the US, as well as the regulations and ..... US Acid Rain Program (ARP). ... Furthermore, they are the principal pollutants that cause acid rain. .... Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permits20 require an air ..... Human exposure to mercury, primarily by eating contaminated fish,.
[ EWG_06-2007_FinalReport_2008-11-30.pdf - Read/Download File

Beyond Cap & Trade - Seattle University School of Law Digital
Nov 16, 2012 ... C. The Acid Rain Cap-and-Trade Program Improved Ambient Air .... reduce emissions due to CAA programs or permit requirements, they ... E.P.A., 549 U.S. 497 (2007); Endangerment and Cause or Contribute ..... under the Acid Rain Program (ARP) has resulted in dramatic ... Whereas SO2 comes primarily.
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