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Regulatory Constraints on CEO Compensation - Brookings Institution
Compensation. THE LEVEL AND STRUCTURE of executive compensation have attracted ... of executive pay, through enhanced public scrutiny of corporate ac- counts ... utility and nonutility business, in which case the state regulatory agency ... holding company status appears to account for the higher compensation level.
[ 1993a_bpeamicro_joskow.pdf - Read/Download File

Effective State Regulation of Energy Utility Diversification
completed by [all utilities] in 1985 was 38 per cent higher than in 1984 . ... nonutility operations from scrutiny by the traditional guardians of util- ... and the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, in DIVERSIFICATION, DEREGU- ... complex structures, particularly those extending across state lines, would be outside the.
[ viewcontent.cgi?article=3920&context=penn_law_review - Read/Download File

Comments on FERC's PUHCA Accounting, Reporting, and - EEI
substantially increase the cost and complexity of service company accounting ... information about non-associate utility v. non-associate non-utility activities and ... and accounting systems and would have to convert to the proposed USOA .... regulatory agency scrutiny of the justness, reasonableness, and prudence of.
[ 060615OwensFercPuhca.pdf - Read/Download File

Regulated utilities manual - IPU-MSU
to competition in the form of nonutility players in the marketplace. The applicable ... market-based rates, under the Federal Energy Regulatory ... Actually, many businesses have this characteristic – some ... duplicate distribution lines; a condition that would require ... to unnecessarily higher costs or to insufficient earnings by.
[ Deloitte Regulated Utilities Manual rebranded 042012 (1).pdf - Read/Download File

Consumers Energy Company
May 1, 2007 ... number of utility and non-utility assets along with a plan to increase investment in ... These asset sales have reduced operating and financial ... policy legislation, regulatory action and energy resource planning to ..... three key uncertain events is represented by the reference scenario (top line highlighted in.
[ balanced-energy-initiative-executive-summary.pdf - Read/Download File

Capital outlook: power and utilities - EY
distributed generation; empowered customers; market and regulatory reforms; and new ... growth and weak power prices have cut valuations and increased the push toward .... 15% to 20% higher multiple than other regulated utilities. Confidence in ... optimizing assets and growing their regulated businesses. Valuation ...
[ ey-capital-outlook-power-and-utilities.pdf - Read/Download File

Investments - Western Grid Group
Utilities and non-utility investors will need to raise and invest very significant funds in the electric system. ... business models and regulatory incentives will be required. With this ... To keep their equity margins in line with financial analysts' .... Utility regulators have a century or more of experience regulating monopoly rent-.
[ Transition-Plan_Investments.pdf - Read/Download File

bureaucracy, economic regulation, and the incentive limits of the firm
sample of nonutility, nonregulated subsidiaries of 54 electric utilities. The analysis .... higher subsidiary performance." Thus, the ..... ing Porter's (1987) view of exiting a business line. * For the SIC .... it is to receive active scrutiny. This finding ...
[ Russo-SMJ-1992.pdf - Read/Download File

2015 Report - Wisconsin Holding Companies
Nov 30, 2015 ... the form of higher returns. Two major regulatory changes have since affected Wisconsin ... Eligible assets of a non-utility affiliate in a holding company system are ... non-regulated investment in the lines of business allowed by the statute. ... these non-utility investments requires closer scrutiny of securities ...
[ 2015HoldingCo.pdf - Read/Download File

What Can We Learn from the U.S. Experience in Regulating
Jul 21, 1995 ... Regulation (in the U.S.) and public ownership (elsewhere) have emerged in .... firm's arguments as to why the increase is necessary. Typically .... CAB Commissioner Alfred Kahn under the constant scrutiny of the public (McCraw, 1984). .... line-of-business restrictions on the RBOCs and setting new rules for ...
[ 9512_Berg_What_Can_We.pdf - Read/Download File

A. Why Regulate the Electric Industry - Virginia State Corporation
Apr 24, 1996 ... produce power and the transmission and distribution lines needed ..... increase in a utility's equity ratio to offset higher business risk with ... Most utilities and regulatory commissions have, in the past, ..... The long range plans of electric utilities received increasing levels of scrutiny from regulators during the.
[ restrct3.pdf - Read/Download File

vertical integration and the restructuring of the us - State of Michigan
The past thirty years have transformed the economic theory of the business firm. The ... are regulatory initiatives and political considerations that may not produce ... Distribution lines must physically reach users, and transmission lines must ..... wholesale markets, and direct access of final customers to non-utility suppliers.
[ Restructuring_paper_2004_411701_7.pdf - Read/Download File

Investment under Regulatory Uncertainty: U.S. Electricity Generation
level electricity restructuring influenced non-utility investment during the ... dom find some evidence that the market-oriented regulatory changes have .... ing legislation that sets the time-line and process by which restructuring will be implemented. .... New Electric Generating Units by Operating Company, Plant, and State.”.
[ regrisk_2011b.pdf - Read/Download File

Natural Gas Regulation Under the Holding Company Act
The Public Utility Holding Company Act of 19351 was designed to eliminate ... 56 per cent of the pipe lines, and 6o per cent of the interstate movement of gas. ..... It was inevitable that many companies subject to the Act should have to under- .... ( =9 electric utility, 42 gas utility, 88 non-utility) were divested from one system.
[ viewcontent.cgi?article=2607&context=lcp - Read/Download File

Practicing Risk-Aware Electricity Regulation - Ceres
transform the U.S. electric utility industry in line with the urgent goal of .... portion of those investments will be made by non-utility companies .... thing many U.S. consumers and businesses have ever ... Higher risk for a resource or portfolio means that more value .... lightning rod for controversy, heightening public scrutiny of.
[ Binz Sedano Ceres Risk Aware Regulation.pdf - Read/Download File

section i - US Environmental Protection Agency
Mar 31, 2011 ... C. Federal Regulation: The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission . ... D. Deregulation and Redrawing Jurisdictional Lines . ..... intervenors' detailed scrutiny of cost recovery plans seemed to have .... The Act requires investor- owned utilities to buy electricity from certain non-utility .... Company Overview.
[ puc_study_march2011.pdf - Read/Download File

utility mergers and the cost of capital - StudyFinance
... in mergers between non-utility firms and mergers between utility firms. First, utility mergers are subjected to a much a higher level of regulatory scrutiny, at both ...
[ berry.pdf - Read/Download File

Using Environmental Emissions Permit Prices to Raise Electricity
Dec 1, 2013 ... In our second line of inquiry we model generator behavior in the electricity market . ... Furthermore, when regulatory scrutiny focuses on pricing in excess of ... market will have substantially higher prices than those outside even if they ...... business, to large electricity generation firms that require permits for ...
[ Kolstad_Wolak_RECLAIM_12_1_13.pdf - Read/Download File

A guide to the blue book: Issues in California's electric industry
Utilities under cost-based regulation do not have an overriding incentive to dispatch in ... QFs are nonutility generators from which electric utilities are required to buy ... since the prices seen by the buyer would be higher than the seller's costs. .... the "commodity business" altogether by promising reduced regulatory scrutiny ...
[ 1-s2.0-1040619094903018-main.pdf?_tid=587e49b2-f4ed-11e4-b924-00000aacb361&acdnat=1431026276_af4da8d03c147053f77413ca551f7313 - Read/Download File

Managing the Future of the Electricity Grid - Institute for Policy Integrity
Feb 10, 2016 ... Interaction with other Regulatory Approaches . .... meet their needs, and they can sell power back to the utility company .... currently receiving the most attention and scrutiny, the pricing for ..... example, temporary periods of electricity scarcity would lead to higher wholesale rates.76 By .... owned grid lines.89.
[ ManagingFutureElectricityGrid.pdf - Read/Download File

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