Morphology and distribution of neurons in the retina of the american
Density distribution maps for neurons in the ganglion cell layer and the photoreceptor ... ing eye of the American garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis. (Land and ...
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The morphology and distribution of photoreceptors in the retina of
The number, cell morphology and retinal distribution of rods and cones were ... photoreceptor density, matched by high neuron densities of the INL and GCL, ...
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The all-cone retina of the garter snake: spectral mechanisms and
Mar 23, 1992 ... The retina of the garter snake contains 3 morphologically distinct ... Morphology and distribution of neurons in the retina of the American garter ...
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Full Text (PDF)
Jan 12, 2016 ... York), pp 1–97. 12. Wong ROL (1989) Morphology and distribution of neurons in the retina of the. American garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis.
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Quantitative and Topographical Study of Retinal Ganglion Cells in
As for the main features of the retinal map, first, ganglion cells were distributed inhomogeneously within ..... Wong, R. O. L. Morphology and distribution of neurons in the retina of the American garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis. J. Comp. Neurol.
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Variation in pupil diameter in North American Gartersnakes
Vision Research, 10, 1159–1164. Wong, R. O. L. (1989). Morphology and distribution of neurons in the retina of the American garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis.
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inferring the retinal anatomy and visual capacities of extinct
Apr 15, 2000 ... other retinal neurons. Figure ... about the spectral energy distribution (read color) of the light passing ..... tional retinal morphology: early mammal vision - similarities with .... neurons in the retina of the american garter snake.
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Vision in the southern hemisphere lamprey Mordacia mordax
Spatial distribution, spectral absorption characteristics, and optical sensitivity of a ... morphological type of retinal photoreceptor, which possesses ultrastructural characteristics of both rods and cones. ...... Fine structure of photoreceptors and associated neurons ... retina of the American garter snake Thamnophis sirtalis.
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Chapter 14. Predator and Prey Interactions Barry Sinervo©1997-2007
example, the aposematic newt-garter snake arms discussed in Chapter 3 .... included, consists of a retina (see Chapter 13), by which ... toad and drops the light intensity to inhibitory neurons they generate a ...... snake movement and morphology, thereby thwarting antipredator ..... Hunters in many tribes in South America.
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December 2012: v.86, issue 2 - Pennsylvania Academy of Science
preventing damage in a primary neuronal model of ... Stem cells in cichlid fish: Studying retinal progeni- ..... Morphology, bite-force, and bill closing velocity ... Morphometrics and ecology of the American Toad ... GIS-Based study on the distribution of water tem- ..... A population of the Eastern Garter Snake, Thamnophis.
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Download PDF - Plos
Semiochemical detection by physically isolated sensory neurons in the VNO .... These cells resembled TRPM5-expressing SCCs in morphology, distribution and ...
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The eye of the Barbary sheep or aoudad (Ammotragus lervia
Jun 28, 2016 ... distribution in northern Africa the aoudad was classified as a “vulnerable” ..... Morphological features of the normal aoudad eye. Ophthalmic ...
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Transmutated Photoreceptors of Garter Snakes - TSpace - University
While nocturnal basal snakes have rod-dominant retinae, diurnal garter ... T. proximus have four types of morphological cones: double cones, large single ... retinal cDNA library was built and three opsin genes were sequenced. ..... morphology and biochemistry, it is important to remember that post-receptor neurons play an.
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Multiple rod–cone and cone–rod photoreceptor transmutations in
Jan 27, 2016 ... We identify three visual opsin genes, rh1, sws1 and lws, in retinal ... 'best' series of morphological intermediates identified by Walls ... North American colubroid snakes (figure 1). ..... on the distribution, number and direction of transmutations ... details of the transmuted (cone-like) rods of the garter snake.
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References - Department of Ecology and Evolution
The species problem in Iris. Annals of the Missouri ... Morphology and kinetics of the head of the stickleback,. Gasterosteus ... tions. III. Antipredator displays in the garter snake T halamnus radix. Animal ... Climate and evolution in western North America during ..... Duplicate isozyrne loci in fishes: origins, distribution, phyletic.
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Genetic Dissection of Dual Roles for the Transcription Factor - Plos
Apr 8, 2016 ... America, 2 Program in Neuroscience, The Florida State University, ... that resulted in an increased number and uniform distribution of ... Retinal photoreceptors are the highly specialized neurons that ..... and morphological characteristics consistent with rods. ..... of the all-cone retina of garter snake .
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A Tecto-Rotundo-Telencephalic Pathway in the Rattlesnake
Eye Research Institute of Retina Foundation, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 ... Further, diencephalic and telencephalic neurons driven .... Course and distribution of the bilateral projection from the optic tectum to the n. ... As in the garter snake (Dacey and Ulinski, 1983), n. rotundus ...... South American spectacled caiman.
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Toxins and venoms - Faculty Virginia - University of Virginia
agonized over the evolution of the eye and much is ... behemoths of South America and the finches of .... neuronal signaling, membrane-irritating terpenes and ... These devices represent an amazing array of morphological conver- gence, from ... garter snakes of the genus Thamnophis .... distribution of other compounds in.
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Chapter 5: Visual Signal Propagation and - Sinauer Associates
Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 19: 711–777. 2 ... the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 88: ... behavior in the garter snake Thamnophis ordinoides. ... morphology. ... movement detector neurons in a crab ( Decapoda : Brachyura). .... The distribution and nature of colour vision among the .
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Seasonal and Sex Differences in the Effects of - PDXScholar
compared the distribution of melatonin receptor 1a in the brain of green ... American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Gaige Fund Award, and the .... hormones such as vasotocin and vasopressin can act on target neurons ..... I observed variable morphology in stained cells, suggesting that MT1-ir cell counts.
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