Body composition in infants: Evidence for developmental - Springer
Mar 15, 2012 ... Body composition Growth Developmental plasticity Nutrition transition ... subsequent health outcomes, and by what patterns of tissue accretion in infancy do they do so? 2 Body composition development and later health ... These traits, strongly contingent on fetal and early infant growth, are assumed to be ...
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Nutritional Influences on Bone Growth in Children
Nutrition Influences Bone Development from Infancy through ... lower bone accretion than do formula-fed infants; that the greater the mineral content of ... it relates to fetal and neonatal growth, type of infant feeding, ..... and body composition.
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Impact of Pregnancy Nutrition on Offspring Bone Development
body composition, physical activity, and nutrition during pregnancy. Because bone growth and bone mass accretion continue throughout childhood, it is ... density (BMD) independent of maternal factors predict intrauterine bone mass of.
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The programming effects of early growth
body composition development contributes to disease risk. First, poor growth during ... implicating poor fetal growth (and by inference fetal malnutrition) as the ...
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Assessment of fetal body composition - Wiley Online Library
Feb 17, 2004 ... literature examining fetal body composition analysis1. As they pointed out, ... quantification is useful in characterizing fetal growth abnormalities ...
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Ultrasound in assessment of fetal growth disorders: is there a role for
neonatal body composition into their formulaic estimates of fetal weight, yet it ... intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and in newborns of diabetic ... A brief review of normal human development may be helpful in ... This pattern of fat accretion for the human ... in nutritional status of a neonate relative to gestational peers, they ...
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Body composition of piglets exhibiting different growth rates
to compare at weaning the growth and body composition of the largest and ... ( Powell & Aberle 1980, Poore & Fowden 2004) and nutrition during the ... in studies of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and the implications ... the fat and lean tissue accretion rates were calculated for each group of pigs ..... development.
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The Effect of Poor Maternal Nutrition on the Growth and
Nov 19, 2014 ... alters offspring growth and development are not well understood. ..... that can negatively impact embryonic and fetal development ... potential to effect offspring size, body weight, and body composition (Wu et al., 2004, 2006). .... accretion of amino acids and the degradation of proteins in muscle tissue ...
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Maternal Fuels and Metabolic Measures During Pregnancy and
Jan 9, 2015 ... ... to optimize availability of substrates for fetal growth and development (13). ... fetal growth, body composition, and fat accretion and at which stage of ... strument developed for the National Health and Nutrition Ex- amination ...
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Endocrine regulation of fetal skeletal muscle growth - Journal of
Feb 17, 2014 ... can drive the development of the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, ... thus muscle maintains whole body insulin sensitivity (DeFronzo et al. .... Nutrients and growth factors coordinate net protein accretion in skeletal ..... For example, intrauterine growth patterns contribute to the “thin-fat” phenotype of.
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Determinants of body composition in preterm infants at the time of
May 7, 2014 ... Conclusion: The initial growth and quality of nutrition were signif- icantly associated with ... growth pattern have been associated with increased risk of developing ... (FFM)4 accretion and excessive fat mass (FM) deposition (3). Ex- trauterine .... cording to sex with Olsen's intrauterine curves (10). The change.
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Length Normalized Indices for Fat Mass and Fat-Free Mass in
Jul 8, 2016 ... Abstract: Objective: Postnatal tissue accretion in preterm infants differs ... Nutrients 2016, 8, 417; doi:10.3390/nu8070417 ... It was therefore the aim of this study to develop growth charts for length normalized body composition indices for preterm and term ..... trajectory to deviate from intrauterine growth.
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The Placental Exposome: Placental Determinants of Fetal - Karger
Aug 19, 2013 ... placental function, fetal growth and body composition. Un- derstanding these processes will assist in the development ... Fetal adiposity · Maternal obesity · Nutrient · Obesity ·. Placenta ... Excessive fetal fat accretion.
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Newborn Body Fat: Associations with Maternal Metabolic - Plos
Feb 27, 2013 ... determinants of fetal weight, growth and body composition [4,5]. However ... mass accretion both by modifying the supply of nutrients and by affecting ..... adiposity: a very sensitive marker of abnormal in utero development.
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Determining Life-Stage Groups and Extrapolating Nutrient Intake
accepted standards for growth, body size, body composi- tion, fetal and maternal nutrient accretion in pregnancy, and milk ... milk composition, nutrient intake values, pregnancy, ... importance to support their growth and development and their ...
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sensitivity in women with gestational diabetes may increase nutrient availability to the fetus, possibly accounting for ... maternal accretion of adipose tissue and energy expenditure, 3) the ... women who develop gestational diabetes relative to pregnant ..... insulin sensitivity affecting fetal growth and body composition.
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The influence of maternal, fetal and child nutrition on the - Gov.uk
4.3.2 Postnatal growth and body composition. 75. 4.3.3 Early feeding and .... Fetal life and early childhood are periods of rapid growth and development (see. 2. Chapter 3). ...... of normal growth,. 47. maturation and bone mineral accretion.
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Post-discharge formula feeding in preterm infants: A systematic
Preterm infants are a heterogeneous group and many accumulate growth ... increased protein results in increased growth and lean mass (LM) accretion; ... a period of functional organ development and intense brain growth that may, ... nutrient interventions on growth, body composition, and neurodevelopmental outcome.
[ 1-s2.0-S0261561415002277-main.pdf?_tid=a0402664-5ed1-11e5-a31a-00000aacb35f&acdnat=1442669193_e2e1dd499a558b132ee19ce7d5a5deb2 - Read/Download File
Nutrition Management of the Very Low-birthweight Infant. - Neoreviews
Dec 12, 2006 ... support intrauterine rates of growth and nitrogen accretion. Interestingly ... A priori , replicating intrauterine body composition changes ... nutrient intakes have the potential for adversely effecting neurocognitive development.
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Intrauterine Growth Restriction - Neoreviews
umbilical blood flow, decreased number or function of specific nutrient transporters), a smaller-than-normal ... growth and development intrauterine growth restriction e130 NeoReviews .... over gestation, but fetal total body water content as a fraction of body ... 40 weeks' gestation, the rate of fat accretion is approxi-. Figure 3.
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