Section 1.3.1 presents data on the first ~6/7 of the chronology of life, from its ... clades, including multicellular red, brown and green algae, fungi, and ... and ~ 3,500 mya (the age of first unambiguous fossils). .... microbes, sometime contain small bubbles, which were probably filled with O2 ... 188.8.131.52l) at least 2,700 mya.
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Evolution and Radiation of Photosynthetic - MIT OpenCourseWare
Were preceded by red/green algae & ... and they may leave chemical fossils behind as well, in the form of ... “Early Colonization of Land by Fungi and Plants.” ..... probably wrong .... Please see the first image on http:llwww.wollemipine. comlphoto gal.php. .... appeared 480 to 460 million years ago (Ma), whereas molecular.
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Standard PDF (405.9 KB) - Wiley Online Library
in CO2 concentration, probably no problem for plants starting from seeds ... seriously: mycorrhizal fungal and plant responses to elevated CO2. ... Ashmore M , Toet S, Emberson L. 2006. ... to protoplasts of the suspension cells, Zhao et al. were also able .... internal stores could first stimulate HACCs, followed by an increase.
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Problematic fossils from the Palaeo-Neoproterozoic Vindhyan
Based on available fossil record, bacterial, cyanobacterial, algal, fungal, acritarchean and ... In Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic (1,700–1,000 Ma), eukaryotic microfossils were .... Presence of flagellated fungi and multilobed sporangia-like structures (Fig. .... The specimens in first glance give the appearance of fossils in amber.
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When the InvasIon of Land faILed - eBooks
McMenamin and dianna L. s. McMenamin ... tional Fossil Preservation: A Unique View on the Evolution of Marine Life ... animal life on earth. our ancestors, the first vertebrates on land, were ... tion, which occurred approximately 200 million years ago. ... of macroscopic organisms—plants, fungi, and animals—can be traced.
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GINKGO BILOBA - iSites - Harvard University
China of fossils from the Middle Jurassic (180 million years ago) that possessed. Ginkgo-like ... As a wild species, Ginkgo biloba is native to China and was probably a member of ... Most of the trees were growing on disturbed sites such as .... While Ginkgo has been cultivated in China for several thousand years, the earliest.
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articles - Genetics
Oct 11, 2006 ... Timothy Y. James1, Frank Kauff1, Conrad L. Schoch2*, P. Brandon .... evolution of form and nutritional mode for the earliest fungi. ... suggests that there were at least four independent losses of flagella .... 480 Lycoperdon pyriforme ..... Fungi probably occurred in a terrestrial environment but before the emer-.
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Download Sample pages 2 PDF - Springer
The first section describes the position of the Earth in the solar system .... 0.16. Surface temperature/ ı. C. 5800. 350. 480. 15. 23. Surface pressure/bar ..... The first organisms after the formation of life were most probably methanogenic ..... fungi animals flagellates microsporidia. Fig. 2.11 Universal phylogenetic tree based on ...
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30 text pages (including references and figure legends) - Hal
Nov 30, 2007 ... divergence times of several major clades, including animals, fungi, plants, and various ... eukaryotic kingdoms diversified 950-1,259 million years ago (Mya), .... Divergence times were estimated under a Bayesian relaxed molecular clock (33), .... clock timing and the first indisputable bilaterian fossil (7).
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Microfungi from the upper Visean (Mississippian) - The University of
Molecular clock estimates suggest that the first chytrids occurred on Earth during the .... The microfungi were identified in thin sections prepared by cementing a ...
[ taylorPDFs\ Krings et al-Microfungi from the upper Visean -Miss- of central France-Chytridiomycota and chytrid-like remains of uncertain affinity.pdf - Read/Download File
The evolution of WRKY transcription factors - BMC Plant Biology
The first charophyte genome sequence from Klebsormidium flaccidum filled a .... Firstly, Group IIa WRKY genes were the last to evolve as they are the only .... Fossil evidence shows arbuscular ... earliest land plants (470–480 million years ago) and to predate ... Figure 4 Fungal and moss Group III WRKY proteins. A. Part of ...
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Introduction to Fungi, Third Edition
widely used textbook on fungal biology has been ... Preface to the first edition ... Fossil ascomycetes ... 17.2 Pleosporales. 460. 17.3 Dothideales. 480. Chapter 18 . Basidiomycota ..... species is estimated at around 1.5 million .... drops' were capable of degrading plant cell walls. ..... probably has a restraining function under.
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Full Text (PDF)
Mar 26, 2013 ... Catherine Leblanca,b, Pascal J. Lopezt, Deirdre H. McLachlank,l, .... that gave rise to the first photosynthetic eukaryote. ... value of ∼US$1,300 million/y (6). .... specific genes (red algae lack flagella in all life cycle phases). In .... from fungi ( Fig. ... cestral cellulases probably were involved initially in the degra-.
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Dinoflagellates - Taylor & Francis Online
Dec 1, 1983 ... Dinophyceae) from their first discovery up to the present are ... Clapar~de & Lachman (1859) were unhappy with Ehrenberg's ... devised for them a new name Dinoflagellata (Gk. dinos: whirling; L. .... Both flagella of Oxyrrhis probably have ... Gymnodinium fungiforme Anissimowa (Spero, 1982) have an ...
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What can molecules tell us about evolution
DAVID L. NANNEY. Department of ... in some evolutionary studies, the first of these was accepted .... The micronucleate (mating) species were originally referred.
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J. Paleonto Ascaso et al. 2003.pdf - digital-csic Digital CSIC
images, in which the relationship between protozoa and fungal hyphae may be ... viously studied by Casal (1762) who first mentioned several am- ... and microdebris in amber from A´ lava (Spain), dated 114 million .... other types were found, including amoebae, other flagellates and ..... Principado de Asturias, 480 p .
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The evolutionary origin and phylogeny of microtubules, mitotic
Difficulties of the symbiotic theory of flagellar origins First it must be stressed ... k flagellar pair outer ~f l~l~h/~t . ... in view of the many detailed differences this resemblance al,;o is probably quite ... What were the evolutionary precursors of flagella? ... for a flagellate ancestry: (1) Red algae (Rhodophyta), (2) ascomycete fungi, ...
[ 1-s2.0-0303264778900333-main.pdf?_tid=aa4d2638-c437-11e3-ae05-00000aacb35e&acdnat=1397523091_48664d6e7bf05dffd6a410468c980aba - Read/Download File
fulltext - DiVA
Dec 11, 2015 ... The Mesoproterozoic Era (1.6-1 Ga) is characterised by the first evidence ... Agić, H., Moczydłowska, M., Yin, L. Diversity of organic- walled microfossils from the early Mesoproterozoic Ruyang .... 2500 to 542 million years ago (Ma) ... a variety of both single-celled and multicellular life: animals, plants, fungi,.
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Unexpected diversity of small eukaryotes in deep-sea Antarctic
2) are probably remnants of the old altered core ... 100 kyr10. This first detailed assessment of the internal distribution of .... abundant were two new groups of alveolate sequences, related to ... transect along the Drake passage (598 199 480 S, 558 459 110 W, sea ... We also found sequences belonging to fungi, and to the.
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chapter 33 invertebrates - Biology Junction
Over one million species of animals are living today; 95% of these are invertebrates. • Most are ... turns inside-out during metamorphosis, moving the flagellated cells to the inside. ... 480 Unit V The Evolutionary History of Biological Diversity ..... Dragonflies were among the first to fly and have two coordinated pairs of wings.
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