Full Text - 1.3MB PDF - Cornell University
Additional index words. yield, cropping efﬁciency, leaf area, light use, ﬁsheye photography, laser ... The amount of photosynthetic photon flux (PPF, 400 to.
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Properties of a radiation-induced charge multiplication region in
Jul 27, 2010 ... fer from severe damage caused by radiation-induced defects. A strong degradation ... sured and deposited charge, the spatial uniformity of CM over ... ( CV) measurements at room temperature and 10 kHz. ... cility  with an average proton flux of several 109 cm−2s−1 ..... However, over such a long period.
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(JULES), model description
Sep 1, 2011 ... cesses and trace gas fluxes in JULES mean that this com- munity model ... CH4 flux between present day and 2100 of 75% with an increase in ...
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Chapter 12 Effects of ozone on vegetation: critical - WHO/Europe
The potential for ozone to damage vegetation has been known for over 30 years, but it is .... Uptake of ozone could be estimated by multiplying the concentration ... conductivity), the diurnal pattern of ozone flux is determined by leaf ... use of a mean concentration over a given period of time implicitly gives equal weight to all ...
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Properties of Gases - Claire Vallance
Mean speed, most probable speed and rms speed of the particles in a gas. 9. ... 10. Transport properties of gases. Flux. Diffusion. Thermal conductivity. Viscosity ... over a fairly wide range of temperatures and pressures, it is a reasonable ... In fact, if we know any three of these variables, we can use an equation of state for.
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Evaluating the calculated dry deposition velocities - Harvard Forest
and ozone from two community models over a temperate deciduous forest ... was found to dominate the NOy flux during the measurement period; thus the modeled ..... flux. Error bars indicate standard error of the mean (s/N1/2). Daytime is .... Time series of (a) observed and modeled O3 deposition velocities by WDDM and ...
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EMF Guidelines - icnirp
A magnetic field can be specified in two ways—as magnetic flux ... Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic, and ... nisms through which time-varying electric and magnetic ... Average SAR and SAR .... self-reported use of electric blankets, heated water beds, .... corresponding period for the controls.
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Topical and Transdermal Drug Products - USP
Ointment bases recognized for use as vehicles fall into .... are designed to deliver the drug(s) through the skin to .... thixotropy, and structural damage that may be irreversi- .... most cases, a five- to six-hour time period is all that is needed ... tracks the depth of penetration of the forming gradient .... release, flux) is determined.
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Estimating Ground Water Flux into Large Lakes - Ngwa.org
deep-water locations, they did not use the technique to conduct a. PE. ... equation to compute the summed ground water ﬂux across the .... Elevation (meters above mean sea level) ... Harbor residence times vary from 73 days in summer to 107 days ..... upon penetration of the bottom sediments, measures pore pressure.
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Click here (pdf) - MC-PAD - Cern
the particle flux in the high energy physics experiments. ... now, CV/IV and Edge- TCT measurements have been performed on a set of detectors for the pre- ... In addition there is a data generator which generates time periods for next .... over time. The aim of this project is to develop hybrid pixel detector designs which can ...
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Pesta 2012 Methods - OROBOROS INSTRUMENTS
Mar 8, 2010 ... If OXPHOS capacity (maximally ADP-stimulated oxygen flux) is less than ETS capacity, the .... c , in the incubation medium over time, and plot-.
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Interacting Vegetative and Thermal Contributions to - PC-Progress
simulation period and created a persistent driving force for downward liquid fluxes below the root zone (total net flux ?1 mm). Total soil water movement during ...
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Nutrient Fluxes from Sediments in the San Francisco Bay - Springer
Jan 1, 2014 ... DIN (nitrate, nitrite, ammonium) flux were net positive across .... corer did not have sufficient penetration power at some deeper .... (e.g., N2/Ar) were measured with a precision of <0.03 % c.v. ... in Bay sediments were calculated by multiplying dark ... time periods, the appropriate light/dark flux estimate.
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Lee Waves: Benign and Malignant - NASA
these waves can penetrate vertically into the middle atmosphere (30–100 ... When a density-stratified fluid flows over a solid obstacle, the disturbance ... Contours of vertical velocity at (a) 2 km (b) 4 km elevation after 800 time steps ( 200 min) for .... that is, the mean flow is altered directly by the momentum flux divergence.
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ON GAMMA RAY SHIELDING AND NEUTRON STREAMING
Neutron Flux Measurements in Straight and Bent Ducts. 77 ... Curriculum vitae. 159 ... leads to relatively long input data preparation times and to restrictions on the ... for high energy deep penetration gamma ray shielding problems will be set ..... zone, which is by definition equal to the particle flux integrated over that zone.
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Photoexcitation, Photoionization, and X-Ray Scattering of Free
This thesis is based on work done in the time period March 2008 - August. 2011 at the Institute .... changes to the sample over time due to radiation damage or charging by ion- ... According to this definition, a nanoparticle is an object .... of secondary (SE in Fig. ..... monitor the flux of nanoparticles through the interaction area.
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Ozone and Water Stress: Effects on the Behaviour of Two White
its penetration occurs mainly through stomata, all factors which alter ... Flux based models could better estimate yield losses due to ozone in Mediterranean envi-.
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full text available (PDF file) - MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and
The interstellar neutrals are not affected by the magnetic fields and penetrate .... with on average 3–4% He++ (this percentage varies over a ..... were constant, we can use the observed solar wind pres- ... 20% [and since the mass flux, the speed (v) times the mass ..... particle fluxes with periods of roughly a solar rotation. In.
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numerical investigation of thermal transport - UKnowledge
Jul 26, 2004 ... RULES FOR THE USE OF THESES .... 1.1 Energy transport through phonon collision. .... normal process; τ ≡ effective relaxation time in the Jeffreys-heat flux equation. 25 ... The mean free time, or relaxation time, is of the order of. 1 ... The Cattaneo-Vernotte (CV) wave equation in the thermal wave theory ...
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CR Physique - University of Virginia
For objects at selected solar distances, dosage time is given versus ... Résumé. Irradiation ionique des OTNs : des flux mesurés dans l'espace aux ... la relation entre temps d'irradiation et profondeur de pénétration pour des objets situés à ... other objects in the Solar System such as Pluto, Triton, Centaurs, and short- period.
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