Chapter 4. Measures of Poverty - World Bank
Aug 8, 2005 ... Chapter 4. ... The poverty gap index (P1) measures the extent to which ... By far the most widely-used measure is the headcount index, which simply ... where Np is the number of poor and N is the total population (or sample). ... Page 3 ... to target benefits to people just below the poverty line, because they ...
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Chapter 1 Poverty Measurement and Analysis - World Bank
Chapter 1. Poverty Measurement and Analysis. Aline Coudouel, Jesko S. ..... Peru: Expected Change in Income Inequality Resulting from 1 Percent ..... A.3. Estimating the Indicator of Well-Being: The Example of Consumption in Uganda . ..... households that are below the poverty line in the case of the headcount index.
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Measures of Poverty - World Bank
The poverty gap index (P1) measures the extent to which individuals fall below the ... amount of weight that one puts on the income (or expenditure) level of the poorest ... Is there higher inequality among the poor? Chapter. Measures of Poverty ... By far, the most widely used measure is the headcount index, which simply ...
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Chapter 5. Poverty Indices: Checking for Robustness - World Bank
Aug 8, 2005 ... After completing the module on Poverty Indices: Checking for ... Define the elasticity of the headcount index with respect to errors in mean ...
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introduction to poverty analysis - The World Bank
3. CHAPTER 8: UNDERSTANDING THE DETERMINANTS OF POVERTY ... poverty, how measure poverty, setting poverty lines, poverty indices and their ... Many of the materials included in this manual are drawn from the work of Martin .... the capacity of poor people to affect the decisions that have a bearing on their lives, ...
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Chapter 2 - University at Albany
2-3. STORIES OF CATCH-UP AND DECLINE. Figure 1.10. Japan's Per Capita Income as a Percentage of Levels ... •The poverty headcount ratio measures the number of the world's population .... The development gap, as measured by income, poverty, health, ... The poverty headcount indicates the number of people (Q) in.
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Poverty Measures and Anti-Poverty Policy - [email protected]
and Chapters by an authorized administrator of [email protected] ... the larger is the number or fraction of its people below an agreed-upon ... where S is the Sen poverty measure, H is the headcount ratio (i.e., the ... Recherches Economiques de Louvain 56 (3-4), 1990 line z) ... Let q be the number of poor and let (2/1,.
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Poverty, economic growth, and average exit time - New York University
Keywords: Poverty measurement; Economic growth; Watts poverty measure; Bolivia; Bangladesh ... headcount index and the poverty gap. ... q is the number of people with income y below the poverty line z. i. *Tel. ... Eqs. (2) and (4) into (3) yields an equivalent form for the average exit time: .... North-Holland, Amsterdam, ch.
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Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) - OPHI
Purpose: To measure acute poverty: the proportion of people who experience multiple ... Multidimensional Poverty Index: This is the MPI calculated at the country ... chapter draws substantially from Alkire, A. and ME Santos (2010). ..... c k is the censored deprivation score of individual i and q is the number of people who are.
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Measurement of Low Incomes - OECD
relative and absolute low incomes and poverty have occupied a prominent place ..... TABLE A.3 SEN POVERTY MEASURE AND ITS COMPONENTS BEFORE ..... (chapter V), the following head-count ratio will be used: the percentage of children .... low-income gap (ALG) is multiplied by the absolute number of people with.
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The econometrics of inequality and poverty Lecture 3 : Welfare
Lecture 3 : Welfare functions, inequality and poverty .... Following Atkinson (1970) or chapter 3 of Deaton (1997), let us consider that ..... The headcount ratio evaluates the number of poor, the number of persons below z: H(x, z) = 1 n ∑ 1I( xi ≤ z) = q n. , where q is the number of poor. It is simply the fraction of people in a ...
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Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) - Human Development Reports
... Index (MPI)1. Purpose: To measure acute poverty: the proportion of people who experience ... Multidimensional Poverty Index: This is the MPI calculated at the country ... The chapter draws substantially from Alkire, A. and ME ..... c k is the censored deprivation score of individual i and q is the number of people who are.
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Poverty and vulnerability - ZEF
as very often poor people are the most vulnerable group to the negative ... There are also attempts to measure the vulnerability to fall below the poverty line, .... 5.1 .3. The Squared Poverty Gap Index, P2. .... Chapter 5 analyses approaches to measure poverty ... However, poverty has a number of definitions that have different.
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Poverty Analysis Report 2001/02 - Statistics Mauritius - Republic of
CHAPTER 3 – POVERTY INCIDENCE .... Poverty is multi-dimensional and can be measured in many ways - in ... Republic of Mauritius through such indicators as the poverty head count ratio, the ... Table 2.1 shows that though the proportion of poor people declined from ..... q = Number of poor households / persons.
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Weighting Dimensions of Poverty Based on People's Priorities
measure overall poverty and how to weigh the different dimensions. ... 2. UNDP ( 2004), Technical Note 1, World Bank (2001), Chapter 1, Box 1.6. 3 ... where H is the headcount ratio or headcount index, 0. 1. H. ≤. ≤ q. , is the number of poor ...
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The Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) Poverty Measures - The George
indicator), n is the total population, q is the number of persons who are poor, and .... Anand [3] on poverty in Malaysia, which employed the Sen measure and ... 5 An expanded version of the FGT paper appeared as a chapter in Greer's dissertation. ... population is simply the headcount ratio P0 or H. The case α = 1 uses the ...
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ISSUES IN THE MEASUREMENT OF POVERTY. - DARP
The nature of the exercise of poverty measurement is examined in Section I. Section II is .... Sen (1973, Chapters 2 and 3). ..... then the head-count measure H is simply: H =q/n (1). This index has been widely used—explicitly or by implication—ever since .... where q is the number of people who are poor, i.e., belong to 8(a).
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Measuring Inequality - DARP - LSE
1.3 Inequality measurement, justice and poverty . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 .... 3.2 Is P further from Q than Q is from R? . ... 5.4 Atkinson index and coeffi cient of variation: IRS 1987 to 2006 . . 128 ..... with a number of awkward social and economic problems . ... analysis of Chapter 3 introduces specific distributional principles on which to.
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INEQUALITY, POVERTY AND WELFARE*
3. Measurement of inequality. 3.1. The Atkinson Kolm-Sen approach. 3.2. Dominance and .... The main focus of this chapter is on ethical indices of inequality and poverty. These ...... widely used measure of poverty is the Head- count ratio. Let z be ... where q = q(x; z) and n is the number of people in the population. We will ...
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Household Surveys, Consumption, and the Measurement of Poverty
money-metric versus welfare-ratio approach, the collection of suitable price information, ... surveys are used routinely by the World Bank to measure poverty, and the results ... of the number of people in the world who live in households whose consumption ... household needs, often simple headcounts, but sometimes more ...
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