Quantization of Differences Between Atomic and Nuclear Rest
Nov 15, 2006 ... new possibilities for inducing and controlling nuclear reactions by atomic ... We have concluded that transmutation of nuclei at low energies and .... potentials have been calculated  for 36 chemical elements with ... known experiments, the Lucas Model of the Atom is by far the most ...... 73 Ta) − m(183.
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Characterization of specific nuclear reaction channels by - arXiv.org
The typical nuclear reaction channels are mainly characterized by resonances of a ... section Qtot(E) and an error function erf(E) for the ... whereas the interaction with copper has only ... procedure is referred to as 'transmutation of nuclei' ... This procedure has been worked out ..... protons), the highest probability to hit the so.
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atomic nuclei, stable and unstable - JStor
have been regarded as equivalent until early in the present century ; except at the ... became a matter for physicists, and only a specialist could be ... certain light elements can be made by bombarding stable nuclei ... one naturally- occurring isotope, which means that, so far as we know, ..... active with a period of 5-4 hours.
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Nuclear Energy Today - OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
Of these two, only fission has so far been harnessed for electricity production. Nuclear fission. Certain naturally occurring and man-made heavy elements, for ...
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Chapter 5 Nuclear reactions in stars
by transmutations of one element into another. ... write the rate of change of the mass fraction due to nuclear reactions as ... Example of the dependence of the reaction cross section with energy E for .... When sufficient 12C has been created, also: ..... the surface BC only has a small effect on the envelope structure, so that ...
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An explanation of low energy nuclear reactions - Cold Fusion Now
The mechanism that causes the nuclear reactions occurs only within this ... Many other efforts to understand LENR have been less successful because they ...
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ment 98), einsteinium (element 99), fermium (element 100
101), and element 102 have been prepared and identified. For ... covered as the transmutation products of other elements, and our current .... Nuclear reactions for the production of heavy lanthanide ions which replace ... Einsteinium is the only re- .... hours for the expected isotopes, so an effective value for t of 104 sec was ...
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Chapter 4 NUCLEAR PROCESSES, THE STRONG FORCE
Jun 18, 2016 ... Mass conservation in nuclear reactions allows us to calculate the energy ... living matter, the amu unit of mass has been chosen as 1/12th the mass .... This is a substantial amount of energy that is equal to about 25 million kilowatt.hours. .... For odd A, only one stable isobar exists except for A = 113 and 123.
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H1 + n + EH2] + H2 + y; half life +”4 - NCBI
of biological elements with thermal neutrons are capture reactions. ... 1 These nuclear reactions are usually given in an abbreviated form much like chemical reactions. ... has been known for some time from Tradescantia studies that the yield of .... only 1/8 X lo4 of the activity induced by this neutron field is due to neutrons.
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JCMNS Volume 15. - International Society for Condensed Matter
Hydrogen Embrittlement and Piezonuclear Reactions in Electrolysis Experiments ... was the first time in many years that ICCF has been held on the campus of a ... to this field, so I will not single out particular presentations in my comments below .... with the measured excess power density indicating that ∼73% of the excess ...
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Nuclear Reactor Calculations - Springer
distribution for the absorption hardening, neutron temperature, which is a little ... of nuclear reaction x is the sum of the product of atomic number density Ni and ...... down groups by assuming collisions with only heavy metal elements such as ... So far the diffusion equation has been discussed in a non-multiplying medium.
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Cross-section measurements of neutron threshold reactions in
Jun 13, 2012 ... Citation Only ... The cross–sections of many reactions important for our activation ... in the energy regions where no experimental data are available so far. ... reaction as a perspective source of neutrons has been studied with an ... of high neutron fluxes for material research, transmutation of nuclear waste ...
[ 1-s2.0-S1875389212012035-main.pdf?_tid=b46d1df2-c7c1-11e3-92d2-00000aacb35e&acdnat=1397912232_3d94a0e675b87d4ea6e165d6179781fe - Read/Download File
Discovery of Rubidium, Strontium, Molybdenum - National
Nov 29, 2010 ... been observed and the discovery of these isotopes is discussed here. For each isotope a brief synopsis of the first refereed ... Preprint submitted to Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables ...... rubidium isotopes from A = 73–103 have been discovered so far; .... “Of the two slow neutron activities, only that of.
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Elements Beyond 100, Present Status and Future Prospects
3.2 THEORETICAL INDICATIONS FOR NUCLEAR STABILITY OF VERY .... The chemical properties of the actinide elements have been summarized .... 100 were obtained as a result of their production in nuclear reactions .... (73) were able ..... so far failed to observe the 0.3-sec SF activity but the cxperiments are too.
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here - New Energy Times
proposed to result from nuclear reactions initiated within a special periodic ... cathode; (This is the original P-F method, which has been duplicated ... First, the nature of the so-called anomalous energy produced by the P-F ..... Recent studies have looked for elements resulting from transmutation ..... are simply too far apart.
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Questions About Lattice Enabled Nuclear Reactions - Infinite Energy
And, success is far from guaranteed. ... through elements with intermediate masses to heavy ele- ments7; fast ... between products of LENR than have been sought experi- mentally to date. .... experiment that ran for 8500 hours or almost one year. Their ... of energy are integrated by the calorimeters, so only the total energy ...
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nuclear transmutations in thin-film nickel coatings undergoing
the most, only present in the initial film and ... tities of specific elements, such as Sr, Rb or tritium ... reaction product for nuclear reactions in ... types of thin-film coatings have been car- ... important as the discovery of nuclear fission fragments in the 1930s—probably much more so. .... and requires several hours, as observed.
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Euratom Research Projects and Training Activities - Europa.eu
Unit 4 - Nuclear Fission and Radiation Protection ..... So far, a total of 40 projects have been contracted under FP6-Euratom representing a cumulative. European ...
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in detail but their concepts of atoms and elements and their quest for origins persist ... found it possible to induce nuclear transmutations using the energetic alpha parti- cles from natural ... The neutron was so named because it was found to ... more, technetium, is observed in stars; only promethium has not been found in.
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Unit 4 Atomic Structure AE - Mark Rosengarten
Artificial transmutation ... The time it takes for half the mass of a sample of radioactive isotope ... protons in the nucleus, oxygen has a nuclear charge of +8. ... Atoms of the same element with different numbers of neutrons in their nuclei are called .... or charge, and is so energetic that it can only be stopped by a 30- cm thick ...
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