Assessment of Customer Response to Real Time Pricing Report
Jun 30, 2005 ... This phase also entailed a review of related literature regarding the ... which has a long-standing and successful time-of-use program but ... Under real time pricing (RTP) tariffs, electric consumers are charged ... 2004, page 1; Lafferty et al . 2001). Thus, while the rationale for RTP in ...... December 2002.
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The Economics of Railroad "Captive Shipper" Legislation
EAG 10-1 January 2010 ... program and to stimulate comment and criticism on economic issues related to antitrust ... 1 Christensen Associates (2008), chapter 8 . ... exceeds 180 percent of the variable cost of carrying the traffic; b) a ..... real world – especially, how far a captive shipper typically is located from the nearest.
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This Time is Different - Center for Business and Public Policy
Aug 5, 2015 ... We pay particular attention to the following questions: (1) Is rail ... prices. The legality of state-level railroad regulation was confirmed in 1877 ... In short, the Staggers Act very successfully increased industry .... review of the Canada Transportation Act was completed in 2001. It ...... communicated in real time.
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Chapter 7: Rail Rates - Agricultural Marketing Service
Figure 7-1: Wheat—average rail tariff compared to average farm price ... Following the merger-related service disruptions of the 1990s, rail service quality ... have also successfully controlled and reduced costs by abandoning rail lines, creating ... STB waybill rate data are used in Figure 7-3 to examine the real revenue per ...
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Chapter 9: Rail Capacity (pdf) - Agricultural Marketing Service
average train speed, train and car type, terminal dwell times, and railcar fleet ... Figure 9-1: Change in rail tonnage and real gross domestic product, 2000 to 2007 ... and high rail prices are issues that can be associated with both rail capacity and .... December 2007 resulted in adequate capacity for agricultural products ...
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A Comprehensive Rail Rate Index for Grain - Agricultural Marketing
1. Several annual rail rate indices depict changes in the prices paid for rail service. Although ... changes in rail rates over time in order to evaluate the fairness ...
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Rail Rate and Revenue Changes Since the Staggers Act - School of
Railroads have also successfully controlled and reduced costs by ... Figure 1: Wheat–Average Rail Tariff Compared to Average Farm Price* .... time. They found that commodity prices have positive effects on rail rates and length of ... The STB waybill rate data are used in Figure 2 to examine the real revenue per ton-mile for.
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New York State Capacity Market Review - American Public Power
Sep 19, 2012 ... Christensen Associates Energy Consulting, LLC ..... 1 The New York State capacity market in this paper refers to .... in December 2005 suggested that the State's transmission and .... 18 These functions typically are as follows: real-time balancing of electric ... need for a better pricing system within New York.
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German Experience with Promotion of Renewable Energy
Christensen Associates Energy Consulting LLC .... partly due to the tariff charges related to RE and energy efficiency that account for nearly 20% ... 1 Throughout this report, except where noted otherwise, all German prices or costs are expressed in ..... In 2009, Germany implemented a kind of real-time net-metering called.
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Railroad Performance Under the Staggers Act - Christensen
On July 1, 1980, the Motor Carrier Act of 1980 was signed into law by ... industry, allowing the railroads pricing flexibility in responding to different market ...
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Paper - Transportation Research Forum
unique pricing components of grain movements: rail tariffs, fuel surcharges, and ... study on railroad competition by Laurits R. Christensen Associates, Inc. (2009, Vol. .... in the secondary railcar market has proven desirable and profitable over time. ... The data shown in Figure 1 were collected by the USDA's Transportation ...
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North American Freight Rail Industry - Transportation Research Board
Mar 14, 2014 ... Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec. 2009. 2011. 2013. 2014 ... Source: AAR Weekly Railroad Traffic / Rail Time Indicators ... Source- R-1 Reports to STB; Rail Cost Recovery Index Publication ... 1. 1996Q. 1. 1997Q. 1. 1998Q. 1. 1999Q. 1. 2000Q. 1. 2001Q. 1 ..... An Unqualified Success.
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Retail Rate Impacts of State and Federal Electric Utility Policies
Apr 6, 2013 ... Table 1 presents the division of the states into the three groups. ... 2 shows the path of load-weighted average real retail prices (i.e., weighted average ... By 2001, which was about the time the retail access policies were kicking into ..... Evaluating the Success or Failure of U.S. Electricity Restructuring, Dec.
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The impact of increased electricity prices on consumer demand
prices (Eskom Megaflex Time-of-Use tariff) on their electricity demand is .... 1.2.1 STRUCTURE OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN ELECTRICITY GENERATION ... 2.1 THEORY ON PRICE ELASTICITIES, NIEMEYER (2001) ...... This study focuses on the differences between Real Time Pricing .... The benefits are related to a more.
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6 of 7 - Decoupling - Hansen Testimony - Xcel Energy
Nov 4, 2013 ... Introduction. 1. II. The Purpose and Benefit of Revenue Decoupling. 2. III. .... conservation, absent a consideration of the time cost of money or regulatory. 7 ... LLC (Dec. ... A. Though the Company has been effective in successfully ..... Assessed weather-related fixed cost recovery risk for an electric utility.
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Productivity of the US Freight Rail Industry: a - Transportation @ MIT
Figure 1-3 Productivity as the ratio of Revenue Ton-Miles to Operating Expenses. 10. Figure 2-1 ... Figure 2-14 U.S. freight rail price and cost index evolution. 28.
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Recent developments in rail transportation - OECD
May 10, 2013 ... 1. Introduction1. 1. Railway reforms are still very much in progress in many countries. ... of costs and the price of substitute services), productive efficiency is high ... of success. .... charges that are related to the costs effectively incurred. ... In real terms, average passenger tariffs have increased only slightly.
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Download as a PDF - CiteSeerX
1 A description of various types of regulatory plans can be found in ... There have even been proposals to implement price cap regulation for the U.S. Postal ... a longer period of time than either the electricity or natural gas industries. ..... the transmission facilities and in some cases, to administer real-time energy markets.
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Electric Vehicles: Rolling Over Barriers and Merging with Regulation
Jan 2, 2015 ... market, it is more widely available due to competitive pricing, ... Electric Vehicle (“ EV”)1 regulation represents a departure from ... each of these new technologies with the myriad of real and kinetic .... vehicles reached all-time high in share of 0.48%). ... ings, including those related to grid modernization.
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Electric Power Systems Research A summary of demand response
May 21, 2008 ... the effect of demand response in electricity prices is highlighted using a .... Potential cost savings and benefits related to different market com- ... program success. ... Program classification. Different DR programs are shown in Fig. 1. ... Pricing (EDP), Extreme Day CPP (ED-CPP), and Real Time Pricing.
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